The Role of a Counsellor Is to Facilitate a Person

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  • Topic: Learning, Triad, Role-playing game
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  • Published : March 13, 2012
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The role of the counsellor is to facilitate a person’s resolution to problem issues whilst respecting their values, personal resources, culture and capacity for choice. Counselling can provide people with a regular time and space to talk about their problems and explore difficult feelings in a confidential and dependable environment. Counsellors do not usually offer advice but instead give insight into the client’s feelings and behaviour and they may help the client to change their behaviour if necessary. They do this by listening to what the client has to say and commenting on it from a professional perspective. Counselling covers a wide spectrum from the highly trained counsellor to someone who uses counselling skills as part of their everyday working role, for example, a nurse or teacher. Many people use counselling skills in their daily lives. However, sometimes it may be inappropriate for people to use their usual methods of support. They may not want to discuss their problems with a friend or family member. They may feel that the person is too close, that they do not want them to know their confidential problems. Alternatively, the person they would usually confide in might be part of the problem. Counsellors are trained to be effective helpers in difficult or sensitive situations. They should be independent, neutral and professional, as well as respecting of our privacy. Effective counselling can help people to clarify their problems, identify changes they would like to make, get a fresh perspective, consider other options, and look at the impact that life events have made on their emotional wellbeing. Counselling Skills II follows on from this course forming a tight foundation for your practice.

Lesson Structure

There are 8 lessons in this course:
1. Learning Specific Skills: Methods of learning; learning micro-skills 2. Listening and Bonding: Meeting and greeting; helping the client relax; listening with intent 3. Reflection: Paraphrasing; reflection of feeling; client responses to reflection of feelings; reflection of content and feeling 4. Questioning: Open and closed questions; other types of questions; goals of questioning 5. Interview Techniques: Summarising; confrontation; reframing 6. Changing Beliefs and Normalising: Changing self-destructive beliefs; irrational beliefs; normalising 7. Finding Solutions: Making choices; facilitating actions; gestalt awareness circle; psychological blocks 8. Ending the Counselling: Terminating the session; closure; further meetings; dependency, confronting dependency Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.


• Acquire the ability to explain the processes involved in the training of counsellors in micro skills. • Demonstrate the skills involved in commencing the counselling process and evaluation of non-verbal responses and minimal responses. • Demonstrate reflection of content, feeling, both content and feeling, and its appropriateness to the counselling process. • Develop different questioning techniques and to understand risks involved with some types of questioning. • Show how to use various micro-skills including summarising, confrontation, and reframing. • To demonstrate self-destructive beliefs and show methods of challenging them, including normalising. • Explain how counselling a client can improve their psychological well-being through making choices, overcoming psychological blocks and facilitating actions. • Demonstrate effective ways of terminating a counselling session and to explain ways of addressing dependency.

What You Will Do

• Report on an observed counselling session, simulated or real. • Identify the learning methods available to the trainee counsellor. • Demonstrate difficulties that might arise when first...
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