The Role of Transportation in the Development of Tourism

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Understanding Tourism Essay

Deadline for Submission
11th Feb 2010

Student Name: Armita Sahebkar Yazdi
Student number: M00250307
Programme of study: The Business of Tourism

Lulu Baddar
The Role of Transportation in the Development of Tourism

In this essay, I will evaluate the role of transportation in the development of tourism and how it will help to improve and expand the tourism industry. I will also mention how different types of transportation will help attract more tourists on choosing a certain destination as well as making their travel experience easier, faster, safer and cheaper. In addition, I will explain some major impacts on the economic and the environment, caused by the transportation sector that has a major effect on the tourism industry.

Firstly, transportation is an essential part of the tourism industry and it plays an important role as well. Without it, travelling would be impossible. It is because of the improvement of transportation that tourism has expanded (Sorupia, 2005, p 1767). Transportation and the advanced vehicles have made travel to all the corners of the world possible, and while making some changes to the market, it had brought tourism to a whole new level. Tourism has been trying to meet the demands of the tourists and that means improving the transportation facilities and building better transport systems, including high-quality highways, railways and airports as well as the accessibility of support services such as petrol stations, motels and restaurants which will ease the tourism industry to improve. These factors also help during the decision making process, why do tourists choose different forms of holiday destination and transport. The tourists must consider every aspect before making a decision and the four modes of transport which is road, rail, water and air, play a very important role. Apart from that, tourists are looking for a secure and safe way to travel, where there are advanced facilities available to make their experience easier. In addition, tourism industries try to offer quality, capacity but also cheap and affordable, which contributes to the competitiveness of tourism industry. Air travel has become cheaper than before thus to improve tourism, yet it is still more expensive than road and rail travel however, it is much more efficient and faster than rail and roads. However the tourism industry faces some competition and tries to modernize and update its services to meet the tourist’s demand, such as introducing new budget airlines (e.g. Flydubai), which is easy and it is cheap and it may be the cause of tourist attraction for that certain destination.

However, there is a downside on transportation and its role on the development of tourism, apart from the air pollution caused by the vehicles it also causes noise pollution as well as water pollution and it completely harms the environment and it may cause a negative impact on the society as well, therefore having a major impact on tourism and how tourists base their decisions on these facts. The airline industry consumes about 205 million tones of aviation fuel known as kerosene each year, which according to IPCC, represents 3.5% of man's contribution to global warming from fossil fuel use (Tomek, 2007). Air transport is essential for world business as well as tourism. The numbers of international tourists are increasing each year and in 2002, 715 million international tourist receipts were accounted for (Tomek, 2007). In addition, most of the air pollutants released into the atmosphere come from cars, trucks, trains and plains. On the other hand, the tourism industry is making sure that people will purchase more destinations; they have come up with some transport strategies. For example discounts and low fares to certain destination with the help of budget airlines with no free food and beverages allowed on board. In addition to, effective yield management, hiring multi-skilled staff...