The Role of Students in Pakistan Movement

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The Pakistan Movement or Tehrik-e-Pakistan refers to the movement to have an independent individual muslim state created within the region of Indian Subcontinent from the British Indian Empire and its emergence as a sovereign country, to be named as Pakistan. This movement was led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and other leaders such as Allama Iqbal, Liaqat Ali Khan etc. Students played a major role in the Pakistan Movement. This was of great historical significance, for the Muslim students of the subcontinent had never participated in such great numbers in a political movement. It was a befitting culmination of the reformist movements of the late nineteenth century for the emancipation and education of Muslim youth. The Quaid Muhammad Ali Jinnah can be seen as source of inspiration for their emergence as players on the political scene. ALL INDIA STUDENTS FEDERATION

In pre-independence Pakistan, the student politics has been largely driven by national parties and its inception was caused by a movement run out side walls of the campuses, namely the independence movement against the British and for making of Pakistan. In undivided India, student muscles were first shown in the eruption of campus protests against the British Simon Commission (1928) which visited Indian connection with addressing the self government of Indians. These protests contributed to wider interactions among the students and culminated into the establishment of the All -India Students Federation ( AISF) in 1936. The All India Students Federation had been founded by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1936 to aid in the Indian struggle for independence. However, the rising popularity of the Muslim League and Muslim separatism prompted a portion of the AISF's Muslim members to split off from the organization on the grounds that it was a Hindu-dominated organization. Under the patronage of Jinnah and Sir Muhammad Iqbal, the All India Muslim Students Federation was founded in 1937. The new body absorbed smaller Muslim student groups such as the All Bengal Muslim Students Association. Muslim politician Muhammad Nauman became the first president of the AIMSF, while Muhammad Waseeque served as its organizing secretary. The first annual conference was organized under the presidency of Muhammad Ali Jinnah. The AISF held a nationalist agenda and was solely dedicated to the idea of independence for India from the British rule. This core agenda of independence consolidated the organization of students under one banner. However, it was segmented by formation of the All -India Students Congress ( AISC) on the question of participation in the Second World W ar. The communist students supported the decision of Soviet Russia to enter into the war, while the socialist and Ghandian students opposed to join t he war. It was ultimately the AISC that led Indi a t o Independence. ALL INDIA MUSLIMS STUDENT FEDERATION

The Muslim India diverged to other direction and demanded a separate state. This was manifested in formation of the All-Indi a Muslim Students Federation ( AIMSF) i n 1937. This student body was an affiliated subsidiary of the All India Muslim League like their AISC counter parts associated with the Indian National Congress. Its goal was a separate homeland for the Muslim s, which was ultimately achieved i n August 1947. AIMSF’s role was so much crucial, it practically served as a substitute to the provincial Muslim Leagues, which were ridden by personal and factional feuds among their leaders. AIMSF was a perpetual balancing and pressure group upon the provincial leaders for not crossing the lines and compromising organizational agenda i. e. allotment of party tickets for the 1946 elections. Their significance also...
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