The Role of Propaganda in Germany: Wwii

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There is no doubt that propaganda was essential in unifying Germany throughout the 1930s. Propaganda promoted patriotism, unity and ultimately support for the war by glorifying the German population and Hitler himself. However, the New Germany Hitler envisioned did not always correlate with that of the people’s and in many cases simple means such as propaganda was not enough to convince and obtain the needed support, resulting in the accumulation of other approaches including intimidation, violence and deception.

Propaganda by the Germans was created as a means of promoting and disseminating the German expectations and ideals without strictly outlining the means to achieve them. Hitler and his highest party members including Himmler and Goebbels regarded propaganda and its role to play in the Nazi Party as utmost importance. Propaganda itself as Hitler believes “has to be popular and has to accommodate itself to the comprehension of the least intelligent of those whom it seeks to reach”. German propaganda was experienced in many forms and medias, and was accessible to almost all. As propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels states in his Principles of Propaganda “Propaganda to the home front must create an optimum anxiety level. a. Propaganda must reinforce anxiety concerning the consequences of defeat b. Propaganda must diminish anxiety (other than concerning the consequences of defeat) which is too high and which cannot be reduced by people themselves”. The use of psychology and abusing the general population emotionally was not an uncommon strategy in Propaganda. It is the psychological factors and Goebbels superior knowledge of what was to be considered new scientific knowledge which made German Propaganda so effective.

Propaganda after World War I was used in almost all countries. What set Germany apart, however, was the blatant deception, calls for redemption and the lack of accurate information: “By the skillful and sustained use of propaganda, one can...
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