The Role of Occupational Therapy in Assistive Technology

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241 OT Assistive Technology

Introduction
Assistive Technology has many definitions one of which states it as “An umbrella term for any device or system that allows an individual to perform a task they would otherwise be unable to do or increases the ease and safety with which the task can be performed”. (HMSO. 1999) Therefore assistive technology assists a person to be able to carry out tasks as efficiently as they possible can with the resources they have available. If an occupational therapist is to practice in a holistic client centred way it is essential that they explore and research developing technology to offer the best treatment to each of their clients. Model and Applied Frame of Reference to be used.

The model used in this case study is the Kawa river model and the frame of reference will be an adaptive approach based on the compensatory frame of reference. (Turner et al, 2007: 77) The model offers a unique opportunity to “extend beyond the predictive limits of empirical theory” (Iwama 2004b, p.215) and look at positive effects that are attainable despite negative circumstances. The compensatory frame of reference recognises the permanent loss of function for an individual. This could lead the client to despair and needing extra support however the Kawa model addresses the negativity but also incorporates many of the positive elements that can be experienced; such as, Margaret’s fine therapeutic relationship with her specialist and receiving the bungalow that she wanted in the right area; funding etc. Factors for Assessment.

Margaret is quadriplegic and has had the condition for thirty years. Margaret requires her old environmental control unit to be replaced for a newer model. * The new control should allow Margaret to call friends.

* Answer the telephone.
* Margaret would also like to be able to see who is at the front door when the doorbell rings. * Margaret would like to be able to answer the doorbell and open the door....
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