India was among the original members of the United Nations that signed the Declaration by United Nations at Washington on 1 January 1942 and also participated in the historic UN Conference of International Organization at San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. Independent India viewed its membership at the United Nations as an important guarantee for maintaining international peace and security at the height of the Cold War especially by working towards eliminating the causes of war and conflict. UN membership has also served as an opportunity for leadership in world affairs. India stood at the forefront during the UN's tumultuous years of struggle against colonialism and apartheid, its struggle towards global disarmament and the ending of the arms race, and towards the creation of a more equitable international economic order.
The end of the Cold War coupled with the rapid integration of the global society with its implications for the international system has evolved into the principal challenges for the United Nations in the twenty-first century. India has been undertaking sincere steps to understand as well as to find ways for adapting to these challenges. An integral part of such efforts is collective action and adoption of multilateral approaches in resolving transnational issues under the auspices of the United Nations. In doing so, India and the United Nations are rediscovering each other.
India believes that the United Nations must undertake reforms that will make it truly representative while enhancing its credibility and effectiveness. In particular, the composition of the Security Council needs to change thereby reflecting contemporary realities. The United Nations must play an active role in ensuring inclusive growth within nations, and inclusive globalization across nations. This calls for, in the short-term a new international initiative to bring structural reform in the... [continues]
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