The Role of Government in Policy-Making
November 13, 2011
Lynn Duong Mauricio
There are eight tasks that the people and the legislation have to do in order to get bills passed. The first task is for an interest group to define the issue and agree to what the problem is and what they want the legislation to do about it. The second task is to set up a paper about the pros and cons of the problem or issue and summarize what they know and don’t know about the problem. The third task is to create a solution to the problem through public policy, program decision or provision that would eventually fix the problem. The fourth task is to get the public to support you. The fifth task is to convince the legislation into signing on by introducing it as a legislative bill. The sixth task is to organize hearings with the committee to talk about the bill. The seventh task is to lobby legislatures to siding with you about the bill when it is voted on. The eighth task is to lobby for money to run the program, that is, if the bill was passed. (Chambers & Wedel, 2005)
The judiciary plays an important role in shaping public policy. They hold the power in the decision making. They are the ones that can restrict or expand the power of the government administrators and officials so that they are consistent with past court decisions, with governmental principles, and (sometimes) with the fundamental constitutional rights of citizens. (Chambers & Wedel, 2005) There are many social and organizational policies that are affected by what the judicial systems decides. The first thing to remember is that the courts must decide who is right when two parties are needing to find out which side of the situation is right. The second thing is that the courts can shape and frame social policy in regard to administration rulings as well as legislation. And the final thing is that practitioners need to understand that attitude that the courts have when they are...
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