The Role of Government and Policy Making
Public programs are established through legislation, which usually begins with a group of people concerned about a growing issue within a community or even nationwide. In order for an interest group to establish a public program, the concern must go through eight legislative tasks. In the first task the interest group must clearly define and execute a consensus on what the problem is and what the desired outcome is from legislation. This can be a difficult task because legislation as well as the public wants to know exactly what the interest group wants. The second task is “frame a position paper that organizes the arguments (pro and con) and summarizes what is known (or unknown) about the issue or problem, perhaps seeking experts for advice”,( D.E. Chambers and K. R.Wedel.(2005). The third task legislation requires a solution to be created that will include a public policy, program design and the benefit of the program. The fourth tasks involoves the organization of public support about the public problem. The fifth task is involves convincing legislation to sign on to the bill which turns the problem analysis, prospective public problem design features, plus position papers into a legislative proposal, which introduces the it as a legislative bill, ( D.E. Chambers and K. R.Wedel.(2005). The sixth task in the process is organization of apprearance for committee hearings. The reason for committee hearings is to ask questions, get answers, and debate merits of the proposed bill. The seventh task involves lobbying legislators for support when the bill is voted on. Finally, the eighth task involves lobbying for money (appropriations) to operate the program is embodied in the legislation. The bill is sent to the executive branch after it has passed legislation to sign and implement the program. These steps are all very important and need to be followed in order pass and introduce. The judiciary is important...
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