Axia College of University of Phoenix
Instructor: Anthony Nici
August 23rd, 2010
The Role and Importance of the Supreme Court
Introduction and Purpose
The United States Supreme Court is considered the High Court of judicial powers in acting in a "judicial review manner in overturning laws and executive acts unconstitutional" (Mendelson, 1992, p. 775). With words of, "Equal Justice Under Law" written prominently above the main doors of the Supreme Court, the Supreme Court Building located in Washington, D.C. is an architectural design symbolic of its Constitutional enforcement of legal equality for all. From its marble figures that flank the main steps to its bronze flagpole with symbolic designs and the four elements of earth, wind, fire and water and the bronze doors that open into its majestic entry, the Supreme Court remains the core landmark symbolizing the ultimate American justice system. The marble figures consisting of a female figure symbolizing the "Contemplation of Justice," and a male figure representing "The Guardian or Authority of Law," (http://www.supremecourtus.gov/about/courtbuilding.pdf) pp. 1, show equality, but inside the building lays an interesting equality in structure and personnel representing the Justices and the American people who are being served in the most public legal forum: the Supreme Court. Structure and Personnel
The United States Supreme Court is comprised of the following Chief Justice and Associate Justices: ➢ Chief Justice: John G. Roberts Jr.
➢ Associate Justice: Anthony M. Kennedy
➢ Associate Justice: Clarence Thomas
➢ Associate Justice: Ruth Bader Ginsburg
➢ Associate Justice: John P. Stevens
➢ Associate Justice: Sonia Sotomayor
➢ Associate Justice: Stephen G. Breyer
➢ Associate Justice: Samuel A. Alito Jr.
➢ Retired Justice: David H. Souter
➢ Retired Justice: Sandra Day O’Connor...