It is remarkable how differentiated works of literature can be so similar and yet so different, just by the way the authors choose to use select certain literary devices. Two different novels, Brave New World, by Aldous Huxley, and The Road, by Cormac McCarthy, display these characteristics because of the ways the authors institute such mechanisms. Brave New World describes a futuristic era where humans are genetically manufactured for a certain job predestined to them before they are artificially created, and where common human emotions, desires, wants, and needs have all been modified to support a deemed utopian society where everyone lives and works together in harmony. The Road describes a post-apocalyptic world where a father and son travel across what used to be the United States, searching for food and supplies while trying to avoid death, in hopes of finding some sort of salvation which is sure to never come. In both Brave New World and The Road, the authors each utilize writing strategies such as theme, syntax, and characterization in different ways to create aspects that allow for comparative and contrastive elements to be observed between the two novels.
In Brave New World, Aldous Huxley establishes a distinct theme that describes the theoretical disastrous consequences that may occur if technology evolves out of hand in the future. This theme revolves around the possibility, according to Huxley, that our world will one day come to a government controlled, “utopian” end, resulting in an artificial society free from emotional diversity and distinguished thought if our world becomes too technologically advanced and dependent. In his novel, Huxley exemplifies this theme through many instances, one in particular being a case where one of the characters is arguing with the head of this particular society. This character, the Savage, in response to the head controller Mustapha Mond’s opinion that society should be based on efficiency and comfort says, “But I don't want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin” (Huxley 240). The theme of containment and repression of emotion is shown by Huxley’s choice to actively give the deemed “odd” or “different” by society characters knowledge of what is actually going on in this “utopian” society. The lack of individual variation and inability to be diverse because of technological restraints contributes to Huxley’s overall theme of demise through technological advancement. As the theme suggests, the current society these future people are living in is one which has been overrun by technology. Technology created these people who work to create more people, all of whom which have lost basic human characteristics such as emotion or thought. Altogether, Huxley is able to accurately promote a theme of Brave New World that depicts the possibility of a entirely new, artificial society with only remnants of what a real society used to be to humans.
Huxley also uses very distinguished syntax and structure in his novel, which helps create a tone that is unique to his novel. The syntax in the novel follows a smooth pattern, where each chapter follows a different part of the story. Huxley uses somewhat of a legato style of writing which allows for a calmer environment, but this structure is not always in effect. The novel is not always calm, however when emotion changes, the style and structure of writing changes as well. Huxley uses breaks in the pages as well as italics to emphasize different parts of the story at different moments and to draw attention to more important details in the novel. A way that the author uses such page breaks and italics to emphasize certain parts of his novel is when parts of a novel are read out loud, such as the savage and his Shakespeare. “He opened the book at random. Nay, but to live In the rank sweat of an enseamed bed, Stew’d in corruption, honeying and making love...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document