David Wolfswinkel Gr.9e2
Table of Contents:
Introduction to the Berlin Wall Germany after World War 2 The Eastern Bloc Erection of the Inner German Boarder The Berlin Loophole The Brain Drain Construction Begins, 1961 Immediate Effects of the Wall Conclusion, "Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall." Bibliography p.1 p.1 p.2 p.2 p.3 p.3 p.4 p.5 P.5 p.6
The Berlin Wall
Introduction to the Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was a physical barrier built by the German Democratic Republic in1961, which completely cut West Berlin off from East Berlin and Eastern Germany. The wall was built to separate and prevent people from fleeing from the Communist East to the Capitalist West. The wall stretches for 198Km and is approximately 3.6m high and 1.2m wide. The wall included guard towers placed along the large concrete wall. This set aside a large area around the wall – which came to be known as the death strip.
View from the West Berlin side of Graffiti on the wall in 1968. The infamous “death strip”, on the East side here follows the curve of the
terminated Luisenstadt The Eastern Bloc – communist European parties and countries Canal that signed the Warsaw Pact – claimed that the wall was built to protect its population from the ideological ideas and elements that want to change “the will of the people”. However, in practice, the wall served to prevent mass defection and emigration away from Germany and the Communist Eastern Bloc during the post-World War 2 time period.
Germany after World War 2
At the end of World War 2, what remained of Western Germany was divided up into 4 zones, each zone controlled by one of the 4 Allied Forces that then had occupied Germany, namely: The United States of America The United Kingdom France And the Soviet Union The Capital of Berlin was the Head of the Allied Control, and therefore also equally subdivided between the 4 occupying allied forces, regardless of the fact that the city was deep within the Soviet Zone. Within two years there was mass
political division between the Soviet Union and the other occupying powers within Germany. One main disagreement being the Soviets refusal to agree to the re-construction plans, which included detailed plans about reconstructing the country’s agriculture and industry, which would initially assist Germany in becoming self-sufficient once again. However, with the Soviet refusal, the other three countries were forced to begin reconstruction without Eastern Germany, combining their three zones.
The Eastern Bloc
The Soviet leader after World War 2, Joseph Stalin, now headed a Union of nations on Russia’s Western Border, known as the Eastern Bloc which at the time included Poland, Hungry and Czechoslovakia, which he wanted to rule alongside a SovietControlled Eastern Germany. Soon property and industry in Eastern Germany was nationalized and any people who criticized or made decisions or statements against the new communist government, were reprimanded. People out of the public eye were even imprisoned, tortured or killed. Communist ideology became a compulsory school subject, which sent many students and professors fleeing to the West. The East German Government set up an elaborate political police, who kept the population under close eye, and the secret Soviet SMERSH police. Meanwhile, Western Germany was now flourishing, had a stable economy and improved standard of living. Many East Germans wanted to move to Western Germany.
Erection of the German Boarder
At most places, the boarder between the Western and Eastern Germany could easily be crossed. Taking advantage of this, many East Germans and especially people who lived in Eastern Berlin quickly decided to immigrate to Western Germany. In fact as many as 331 000 Eastern Germans immigrated in 1953 because of the ongoing Sovietization in Eastern Germany and the paranoid acts of Joseph Stalin. In order to solve this problem, the East German leaders met with...