After the end of World War 1 (WW1), Germany was in charge of
taking full responsibility for the money lost, the mass destruction, and the
lives that were killed. This greatly hindered the German economy, which
brought the whole country down. German soldiers returning home from the
war could not get the supplies they needed to survive and turned to fascism.
Not too long after WW1, the whole world went into a great depression,
which also did not help the German economy recover from their great loss of
money. Germany realized that they needed a new way of getting their wealth
and pride back, so they turned to fascism. The political leader of the
National Socialist German Workers, Adolph Hitler, was one of the main
figures in promoting this new fascist concept. Albert Speer assisted Hitler in
promoting the Nazi political machine.
The Germans turned to Hitler because he offered to reach their
economic needs following WW1. The Germans could not resist the offer,
and proclaimed him Chancellor of Germany. While Hitler was in power, he
enforced fascism, which was "a government led by a dictator who had
absolute power, crushes other political parties, controls the economy and is a
strong nationalist" (dictionary.com). Through this philosophy Hitler
assumed full control and order of the German Government. He enforced
fascism through his personal guard, the SS. The fascist government was also
very racial and hated certain groups of people.
One of the major policies, concerning the state was that you were only
to be allowed as a part of the state, if you were of German descent. Another
of the major policies was that you could only vote if you were, again, a part
of German descent. (F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism). The economy also
had its rules, like staying loyal to the Nazi party of Germany. The major
policies of the military was to remain loyal to Hitler and follow his
command at any cost.
One of the men who assisted Hitler during the rise of fascism in Nazi
Germany, was Albert Speer. Speer was a son of an architect and also took on
the profession of becoming an architect. He became Hitler's architect,
designing buildings and even whole cities for him. Hitler would usually give
a rough outline of what he wanted a project to look like. Then he would give
the outline to Speer, who would design it. On one account Hitler and Speer
had actually made a design for a capital city of the world, in Germany.
Albert Speer was not only Hitler's Chief Architect but was also in charge of
Armaments for the Nazi German Army. Speer also had the responsibility of
being in charge of the economy of Germany. He was able to keep producing
weapons and ammunition for the troops of Germany, even well their
facilities were being heavily bombarded by the Allied troops. Speer helped
to contribute to the rise of the fascist movement in Germany, through
assisting the dictator, Adolph Hitler. Without the help of Speer by his side,
Hitler would have had real problems in trying to maintain the weapons and
ammunition of the Army of Germany. He also would have not been able to
make his ideas of buildings and cities into real tangible objects.
Later on in his life, Speer helped to arrange for the assassination of
Adolph Hitler. Albert Speer was the only one, in high authority, in the Nazi
party who openly expressed guilt and said sorry for everything that he did
well he was in office. He was later sent to twenty years of prison
confinement. When Speer was released he became an author, and wrote one
of his most famous novels, "Inside the Third Reich".
Fascism was a political concept that resulted in the rise of Adolph
Hitler. His influence on the people of Nazi Germany caused mass
destruction and the loss of many lives....