The Rise of Big Business

Topics: Andrew Carnegie, Trade union, John D. Rockefeller Pages: 2 (557 words) Published: March 16, 2011
The rise of organized labor was a direct result of big business in America due to the face that most of the big businesses were had factories that required some sort of organized labor. Big businesses obviously require some sort or organized labor in order to be successful, so the rise of organized labor lead to the rise and success of big businesses, such as Carnegie steel and standard oil. Between 1860 and 1920, the value of American manufacturing rose dramatically from $3 billion to $13 billion. The steel industry produced just 68,000 tons in 1870, but a hefty 4.2 million tons in 1890. The central vehicle of this surge in economic productivity was the modern corporation.

There were many big business and big business leaders involved in this movement. One of the most famous is Andrew Carnegie. He conceived the future of steel rails and was involved in the Bessemer steel mill. In 1899, he started the Carnegie Steel Company and became the dominant producer in the American steel industry. Carnegie used vertical integration to become the leader of the steel industry and to become the richest man in the world. Vertical integration is when a business expands its control over other businesses that are a part of its overall manufacturing process. This worked out in his benefit and brought him great success and accomplishment.

Another big business leader during this time was John D. Rockefeller. His calling was in standard oil. Unlike Carnegie’s use of vertical integration, Rockefeller used horizontal integration. But later in his life he switched to Carnegie’s successful method of vertical integration. Rockefeller earned the nickname “Wreck-efeller” for his examples of buying out small towns and pretty much wrecking them from buying them out. This was a part of the monopoly system that he almost perfected. Rockefeller is remembered for buying up all of the components needed for the manufacture of oil barrels in order to prohibit his competitors from getting...
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