A Bank is a financial organization which accepts deposits that can be withdrawn on demand and also lends money to individuals and business houses that need it. Structure of banking sector in India:
What is RBI?
The RBI is India's central bank. The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. RBI acts as a banker to the Government and Banks.
The Central Bank maintains record of Government revenue and expenditure under various heads. It maintains deposit accounts of all other banks and advances money to other banks, when needed. Another important function of the Central Bank is the issuance of currency notes, regulating their circulation in the country by different methods. What is Scheduled Bank?
All banks which are included in the Second Schedule to the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 are scheduled banks. These banks comprise Scheduled Commercial Banks and Scheduled Cooperative Banks. The type of banks comes under these Scheduled Commercial Banks and Scheduled Cooperative Banks can be seen in the above figure. All most all banks are Scheduled banks in India.
What are Commercial Banks?
Commercial banks may be defined as, any banking organization that deals with the deposits and loans of business organizations Commercial banks issue bank checks and drafts, as well as accept money on term deposits. Commercial banks also act as moneylenders, by way of installment loans and overdrafts. Commercial banks also allow for a variety of deposit accounts, such as checking, savings, and time deposit. These institutions are run to make a profit and owned by a group of individuals. Types of Loans offered by Commercial banks:
1)Secured Loan: A secured loan is one where the borrower provides a certain property or asset as collateral against the loan. The main condition of these loans is that if the loan remains unpaid, the bank has the right to use the property in any way they like to...
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