The Republic of Belarus

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THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS



Population: 9.8 million (UN, 2005) Capital: Minsk Area: 207,595 sq km (80,153 sq miles) Major language: Russian, Belarussian (both official) Internet domain: .by International dialling code: +375



Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe,bordered clockwise by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
  

      

Belarus is divided into six regions. Each region has its own legislative As 2002, there are 6 regions, 118 districts, 102 towns and 108 urbanized settlements Regions (with administrative centers): Brest Voblast (Brest) Homiel Voblast (Gomel) Hrodna Voblast(Grodno) Mahilou Voblast (Mogilev) Minsk Voblast (Minsk) Vitsebsk Voblast (Vitebsk)



Ethnic groups (2009) 83.7% Belarusians, 8.3% Russians, 3.1% Poles, 1.7% Ukrainians, 4.2% others and unspecified

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Belarus' two official languages are Russian and Belarusian;

Russian is the main language, used by 72% of the population, while Belarusian, the second official language, is only used by 11.9%.



Russians cannot understand Belarusians but Belarusians can understand 90% Ukrainian speech, and about 75% Polish speech. 很明显是两个截然不同民族和国家

白俄罗斯人是东斯拉夫族的一支。9至11世纪其大 部分领土属于基辅罗斯。12世纪建立了一些封建公 国。14世纪起,几次被立陶宛大公国和俄罗斯吞并。 十月革命后,1919年1月1日成立了白俄罗斯苏维埃 社会主义共和国。1922年加入苏联。1990年7月27 日白最高苏维埃通过主权宣言,1991年8月25日宣 布独立,12月19日改名为白俄罗斯共和国, 简称白俄罗斯。

RELIGION
Orthodoxy makes up about 80% of the population. Catholicism is spread mostly in the western regions  Protestantism, Judaism and other religions 

白俄罗斯美食概述


白俄罗斯 食物感觉上和俄罗斯大致相似,口味上清淡 了一些,不像俄罗斯那样重油、重肉、重奶酪,口味 上大概靠西欧更多一些。土豆菜做得好,在白俄罗斯 大概有2000多种土豆的做法,沙拉中的土豆,酸奶油 烩瓤馅土豆球,家制土豆饼等,只是白俄罗斯土豆菜 的一个很小很小的缩影。尽管因气候原因使白俄罗斯 制作美食的原料不多,但游客仍可大饱口服,著名的 鱼子酱是其中之一。 白俄罗斯风味小吃红甜菜汤,圆白菜卷肉、施特罗加 诺夫牛肉片炖蘑菇和白俄式油炸包子。白俄式油炸包 子里面放入猪肝酱和腌圆白菜、胡葱与切碎的煮鸡蛋、 自家制的果酱等,烤一烤后香气四溢。



Quark cheese 夸克奶酪 Rye bread 黑麦面包 Kvass 克瓦斯 - 是一种盛行于东欧国家的,含低度酒精 的饮料。由于酒精含量低 (接近零至最多1.5%),儿童 也可以饮用,而且它受到大众欢迎。常以水果或香草调味 (例如草莓或薄荷)。在夏天也以它制作俄国冻汤。 克 瓦斯也可以指红茶菌。 Draniki 土豆煎饼







FLAG AND NATIONAL EMBLEM

Independence Declared Established Completed

from the Soviet Union 27 July 1990 25 August 1991 25 December 1991

GEOGRAPHY:

According to a 2005 estimate by the United Nations, 40% of Belarus is covered by forests.  Many streams and 11,000 lakes are found in Belarus.[  Three major rivers run through the country: the Neman, the Pripyat, and the Dnieper. 

Natural resources include
自然资源
peat deposits 泥炭;  small quantities of oil and natural gas ;     

Granite 花岗岩; dolomite 白云石; Chalk 粉笔;

sand 沙;  gravel 砾石;  Clay 粘土

HISTORY
In the 5th century A.D. , Belarus (also known as White Russia) was colonized by east Slavic tribes.  Belarus became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which merged with Poland in 1569. 



Following the partitions of Poland Belarus became part of the Russian empire. 1939 - the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. 1991 – the Rebuplic of Belarus





HERITAGE SITES
Belarus has four World Heritage Sites:  the Mir Castle Complex  the Nesvizh Castle the Belovezhskaya Pushcha (shared with Poland)  Struve Geodetic Arc (shared with nine other countries 

红天主教在明斯克

Red Catholic church in Minsk

米尔城堡建筑群

Castle in the Mir Settlement, Minsk Region

Farny天主教在格罗德诺

Farny Catholic church in Grodno

格罗德诺街

Street in Grodno

明斯克歌剧和芭 蕾舞剧院

Minsk Opera and Ballet Theatre

比亚沃韦扎森林公园
比亚沃韦扎原始森林的面积约 为50万英亩,横跨波兰与白俄 罗斯,是欧洲大陆仅存的荒野 低地,年代已十分久远。 野牛(bison)

Brest Fortress 布列斯特要塞


It is one of the most important Soviet World War II war monuments commemorating the Soviet resistance against the German invasion on June 22, 1941



Chalk pit 粉笔坑

POLITICS


Belarus is a presidential republic总统共和制, governed by a president and the National Assembly. The term for the president is five years, but because of a 1996 referendum,...
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