The Renaissance

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The Renaissance was a time of change and discovery in many fields during the 15th and 16th centuries. There is no question to whether or not it should be considered an artistic and intellectual revolution. The times we live in today began with the Renaissance; it was the beginning of a new age. It affected literature, philosophy, art, politics, science; and above all, religion.

During this time, people began to question the church, taking up their own thoughts and opinions of the world and God. One of the most influential forces of the Renaissance was the rebirth of Humanism, the belief that every human being has capacity to reason. Humanists viewed the classics – literature, philosophy and art. This led to people starting to think independently, finding new thoughts and ideas, other than what the church has been telling them. A huge influence on the questioning of the church began with Martin Luther, a German priest and professor of theology. His translation of the Bible from Latin into German made it more accessible, giving the people a chance to take in the word of God in their own way. “If you want to change the world, pick up a pen and write” – (Martin Luther)

During the Renaissance, writers and artists began to recover and study the learning of ancient Greece and Rome to apply to their own time. With great minds this let to great inventions such as the Printing Press, invented by Johann Guttenberg, a German in the 1940’s. This invention allowed the Renaissance to spread, making new ideas available to a wider audience. Books began to be written in other languages than Latin, and no longer had to be hand written, saving time, and translation mistakes.

The artistic revolution of the Renaissance changed the status of artists until our day. In the renaissance, artists were no longer only inspired by religious belief; they also began to express their own thoughts and feelings about the world and humanity. Leonardo da Vinci is...
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