The Renaissance 1485 – 1660

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  • Topic: Don Quixote, Miguel de Cervantes, Jonathan Swift
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Chapter 3The Renaissance 1485 – 1660

B. Introducing Political Points of View
2. Francis bacon rose to his chosen profession, the law, until he reached the very top and became Lord Chancellor. At the height of his political career, he was found guilty of taking bribes and was removed from office. Bacon made an important contribution to many different branches of government: political science, economics, physics, literature, architecture, and etc. Bacon’s is most famous for his vision of humanity’s future. Bacon’s best known literary works, The Essays, are intended to help people get ahead in life. Bacon had embarked on a new career as a practicing scientist, when death overtook him. In 1626, Bacon fell ill during his experiment of freezing a dead chicken to preserve it. In all of Bacon’s works, his aim was to make the world better.

3. “Quickwrite” – five views
- You have no knowledge unless you open yourself up to learning. - Reading increases your vocabulary.
- Learning opens up your doors to a greater future.
- Learning gives you a greater ability to succeed.
- Reading will broaden your views on others and their knowledge, along with increasing your knowledge.

4. “Vocabulary Development”
-The disclosure was set to be given on his inaugural day.
-His sloth put him off from completing his work on time.
-Her affectation earned her the perfect job.
-The diligence of the student earned him the well deserved A+. -We battled threw one more impediment before we reached our goal.

5. “Yellow Boxed Question’s”
1. Studies serve for the delight, for ornament, and for ability. Their chief use for delight is in privacy and leisure; for ornament, is in discourse; and ability, is in the judgment and disposition of business. 2. Bacon concludes that reading is to weigh and consider and not to be taken for granted. 3. The difference among books are meant to be ‘tasted,” and books that are meant to be “swallowed,” and books meant to be chewed and digested,” is that some books “are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not carefully; and some few to be read wholly with diligence and attention.” 4. Studies are to the mind as a thumb is to a hand.

7. ”Literary Response and Analysis”
1. Studies can be misused by being sloth.
2. Reading should be used to weigh and consider, but not to be taken for granted.
3. The readings of: histories, poems, mathematics, natural philosophy, moral philosophy, and logical rhetoric makes us wise.
4. I think that Bacon’s main idea is one of every day, “knowledge is power,” is great. Without knowledge how can we succeed if we don’t have some substance to get us started to succeed. Just like Bacon said “the plots and marshaling of affairs, come

best from those that are learned.”
5. Studying can be sloth but to a certain extent, it contradicts itself. If you study too much, you don’t put forward all that
studying into something other than studying continually. If you don’t study enough you can’t put forward an idea without the
knowledge of a person who has studying the subject for a long period of time. So it just contradicts itself over and over again.
6. In “Of Studies” you can see a bit of Bacon’s cynical mind, for example “books are meant to be tasted, swallowed, chewed
and digested,” a book is meant to be read.
9. Bacon’s views are still relevant today, “knowledge is power” and other points are used to encourage people, especially children to help them succeed with life.

9. “Yellow Boxed Questions”
1. The speaker contrasts the situation of women with that of men by describing how men treat women and how women “live like bats or owls, labor like beasts, and die like worms” 2. The second speaker criticizes the first speaker about how she explain the miseries of women, but no solutions to get rid of them.

3. The third speaker feels very differently from the other two speakers. She states...
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