The rate of self injury among students

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Knowledge of Self-Injury:
A Comparison Study in Secondary School Students in Kuching

Written by Boon Mong Na

Table of contents
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Background
1.3 Scope of study
2.0 Literature review
2.1 Terminology of self-injury
2.2 Introduction to self-injury
2.3 Self-injury population
2.4 Reasons to self-injury
2.5 Methods of Self-Injury
2.6 Impacts of Self-Injury
2.7 Ways to help Self-Injurers

3.0 Methodology
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Objectives
3.3 Hypothesis
3.4 Research Question
3.5 Problem statements
3.6 Samplings
3.7 Questionnaires and interviews
3.8 Significance of study
3.9 Theoretical framework
3.10 Analysis
4.0 Findings
5.0 Discussion and suggestions
5.1 Discussion
5.2 Suggestions
6.0 Limitations and Conclusion
6.1 Limitations
6.2 Conclusion
7.0 References
8.0 Appendix

Self-injury is an important interpreter of future self-mutilation or suicide, and is related with notable psychological morbidity (Holly Knox Thompson, 2009). There is research suggested that the tendency of self-mutilation in Malaysia is rising rapidly, especially in female adolescents. Nevertheless, very few interrelated investigations have been carried out within Malaysia. Hence, the data available currently is not enough to draw any conclusion on self-mutilation or self injury. Appropriate practices and researches should be carried out to investigate the local data of self-injury so that preventions can be found in order to stop it from getting worse. This paper also reviewed some basic knowledge of self injury besides showing the real statistic of self-injury among teenagers (age from 12 to 18) in Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia. Additionally, this paper concludes the knowledge of the public regard self-injury and the way to minimize this situation.

1. 0 Introduction
1.1 Introduction
Self-injury has become more and more common for the generations today. It has become general to see photos and pictures showing bloody wrist with blade on it or someone punches his fist towards the wall and etc. Certain researchers have classified self-injury as a form of self-mutilation. It is any kind of self-injury that associates causing pain or injury on an individual’s own body (Simpson, 2001). Self-injury is also known as deliberate self-harm, self-cutting, parasuicide, self-mutilation or non-suicidal self-injury (nssi). Self-injury behavior can also be referred to as a number of behaviors where one intentionally inflicts harm to the own body for socially unrecognized reasons or without the purpose to commit suicide. Although it is not typical gesture of suicide, self-mutilation is related to suicide and can cause unforeseen harm and even fatality (Janis L. Whitlock, 2006). Self-mutilation can take many forms and it never stops changing throughout the time. This might due to the insufficient investigation on self-injury and thus the characteristics of self-injury is not apparent. Some instances that have been examined are (from minor to severe) include: hair pulling, pinching, biting, picking the skin, excessive use of controlled substances like pills and alcohols, eating disorders, scratching, bruising, burning, carving on the skin, cutting the skin until bleeds, breaking bones, hitting, swallowing toxic substances or sharp objects to harm the internal organ and etc. (Richardson, 2006). However, due to the inconsistency of the characteristics and behaviors of self-injury, this makes it hard to forecast for the future self-injury movement when the potential risks are there. Some researchers suggested that everyone engages in self-injury in different degree- eat too little or too much, the lack of exercise, stress, too much of smoking and drinking. Nevertheless, all these are never been concluded as a sort of self-mutilation as this is well-sanctioned in the cultures. Turp (2003) defined the term “cashas”...
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