The Psychodynamic Approach

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Psychosexual development, Classical conditioning Pages: 8 (2678 words) Published: May 16, 2013
The Psychodynamic Approach
The psychodynamic Approach was associated with an Austrian doctor called Sigmund Freud who speculated in psychology, he was born in 1856 and passed in 1939. Freud was a psychodynamic personality psychologist which means researching mental changes Freud didn’t just develop the theory of psychodynamic psychology; he also developed the treatment known as psychoanalysis. Throughout Freud theory he gained a key follower named Erik Erikson who was born in 1902 and passed in 1994. However even though he was a key follower he thought that Freud was putting too much emphasis on the desire of individual gratification. Erik explained to Freud that we move through a series of psychosocial rises with various social focuses at each stage. However Freud also discovered that part of the unconscious that can be accessed, which he called the Preconscious. Was where this theory explained that information not yet in the consciousness but can be retrieved. So in conclusion with the importance of the unconscious mind, it becomes clear that if you feel, think about someone in either positive or negatives forms, it is shown that in dreams and or thought parts of the feelings can reappear at any time due to leak outs. Whereas, in the other thoughts are hidden and not thought about.

The importance of early experiences
The importance of early experiences in researching how later development of behaviour was shown by psychologist Sigmund Feud, where he discovered the psychosexual stage theory. Freud theories lead to him believing and discovering several stages of psychosexual development which include Oral stage, anal stage, and phallic stage. Freud discovered and learnt that many individual’s libido was focusing on a body part that was ideal for that stage of development. Freud then discovered that if the stage of development of that child was reached they can develop another stage of their growing, however if a child showed discomfort of achieving that stage, it may lead to a child becoming fixated on that development as they have some form problem in completing that skill. If this happens it can lead to future way of being or personality traits, affecting their behaviour later on throughout their development. Ref BTEC level 3 Health and social care by Beryl Stretch Oral stage is developed between birth and 18 months. It’s achieved when a baby develops the activity of their mouth, linking to their sucking, biting and licking fixation. When Feud discovered the oral stage he believed that there could be two possible reasons for fixation which involve: 1. Being weaned too early, could lead to a child being pessimistic and a sarcastic person. 2. Being weaned too late, could become and develop gullible personality, naivety trust in people and tendency to swallow anything Anal stage is developed between one and three years. During this stage there is a high level of libido, which causes the child to be active and want to be disciplined. However if a child feels forces to complete a task such as riding a bike, when they are not ready, it can result in them rebelling and retaining themselves from learning how to ride a bike. If they continue to do this, it can make them fixated on this development, which is called Anally Restive, which later on associates with personality characteristics such as obstinacy and miserliness and observe traits being weak. Phallic Stage develops from the age of four till the age of five. During this stage of development if fixation occurs, it can cause feeling of guilt, anxiety and guilty feelings about sex and fear. If this occurrence isn’t cleared it can cause man or women to become homosexual within relationships. Throughout this stage Freud thought that this was an abnormal stage of development but later on discovered not many people agreed with this. Latency isn’t a development however focuses on the social pursuits which include sports and development of friendships. The final...
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