For my research, I have selected to review the Myers-Briggs type indicator personality test. The authors of the test are Katharine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers. Katherine and Isabel are a mother and daughter team that worked on the test together. They were influenced by the Swiss psychologist, Carl Jung. In 1921, he published his ideas regarding different personality. Since Catherine and Isabel had many of the same ideas and agreed with his published work, they conducted research throughout the 40s, 50s and 60s in order to get additional information for their own test. (The Myers Briggs Personality Test Why Should I Use It?, 2011) The instrument was first finalized and published in 1943, but almost 37 years of additional research and refining was done by Isabel to refine the instrument. (CPP, Inc., 2003) It was not until 1975 when the Myer Briggs Type Indicator test was published under the Consulting Psychologists Press. (The Myers Briggs Personality Test Why Should I Use It?, 2011) The version I will be reviewing is the Form M version, which is one of the most current versions and has the highest consistency ratings of the different versions of the instrument. There are a total of 6 forms of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator currently available and there are 21 different languages available to use. (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), 2011) II.TEST DESCRIPTION
The test looks at four different dichotomies of personality that are seen in people. It consists of four basic dichotomous indices: extroversion/introversion; sensing/intuitive; thinking/feeling, and judgment/perception. These dichotomies make up 16 possible distinctive types of personalities. These preferences are measured in the instrument in order to know the person’s personality type. The first is known as the favorite world. This dichotomy is to understand if the person prefers to focus on the inner or outer world. This would be to know as introversion (I) or extraversion (E). The next is information. Some will prefer to take the information they receive while others will interpret and add meaning to what they receive. This is known as sensing(S) or intuition (N). Next is the dichotomy of decisions. This is to understand if you look at the logic and consistency of the decision or if you look at the people involved in the decision and if there are any special circumstances. This is known as thinking (T) or feeling (F). The fourth and last dichotomy is structure. This is determined by if you like to get things when the decision is already made or if you are open to new ways. This is called judging (J) or perceiving (P). (MBTI Basics, No Year) A.Purpose of Test
“The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® (MBTI®) personality inventory is to make the theory of psychological types described by C. G. Jung understandable and useful in people’s lives. (MBTI Basics, No Year)” As I mentioned before, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator instrument was influenced by ideas published by Carl Jung. Katherine and Isabel, the authors of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator instrument wanted to make these ideas more understandable and more useful for everyday people and groups. (MBTI Basics, No Year) The original idea for the test in 1942 was to aid people during World War II. At the time, women were entering the work force for the first time. The goal was to assist people in finding a job that was a good match for their personality. The worker would need to find the right niche for their personality that will keep them happy in the job selected as well as make them more productive at the job because they had job satisfaction. Unfortunately, after about 6 months after implementing the tool, Isabel found that the tool did not effectively measure job satisfaction or performance. (CPP, Inc., 2003) B.Test Structure
The length of the test is 93 questions. These questions are forced-choice questions, where the answer will indicate...