The Pros and Cons of Affirmative Action
Adapted from The North Star Network, (2003) “People marched outside the federal courthouse in Detroit on March 1 in support of the University of Michigan's affirmative action programs. The Supreme Court is hearing a challenge to the university's policies.” Defending affirmative action.(On the Line).
Affirmative Action pros and cons will platform the awareness that affirmative action connotes reverse discrimination. Affirmative action statistically viewed as controversial positive steps in improving the diversity specific groups of people, in most cases to cure the collective effects covert and overt actions of prejudices against these groups. Affirmative action in practice gives positive opportunities to minorities or women during employment, promotions, and admittance into major colleges and universities.
Affirmative action came about because of the demand to allow minorities into institutions of higher leaning and arose out of a desire to bring minority groups into institutions and businesses automatically held by European males. Insight Center for Community Economic Development states Affirmative action is more a “political term” than legal or business term. Affirmative action boosted by the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s was an attempt to go along with the new “legal equality gains” of minorities and women for social economic equality and fair treatment.
The origin of affirmative action
Former United States President John F. Kennedy mentioned affirmative action in his speech in 1961.In an executive order, Former President Kennedy made it mandatory for federal contractors to accept affirmative action and make sure those who would apply for employment received employment regardless of the national origin, race, creed, and color of the individual.
In October 13, 1965 Former United Stated President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered affirmative action as a plea to government for nondiscrimination in government employment. He clarified the issues of discrimination on the bases of sex, which assisted equal opportunity programs such as the EEOC concerning sex discrimination.
The necessity of Affirmative Action
Given that the legislation of the 1960s became a viable participant in seeking social justice and equality. Decades passed after the end of slavery, and yet segregation remained legal among the American society. Given that discrimination exists President Johnson argued harder for affirmative action thus his “equality of result” came under fire by the American public workforce. Yet he takes positive steps in affirmative action, Hence affirmative action problems are not easily solved by the absence of segregation laws.
Many of President Johnson’s opponents to affirmative action considered his plans a quota system that requires a particular number of hires of minority if the European male is more qualified. Because affirmative action addressed issues of women in the workplace, change is pending. The roles of women in traditionally known as “women’s jobs” – secretaries, nurses, elementary schoolteachers, etc.
Raymond, Nate. Corporate Counsel, (2008) "Crackdown on diversity: the Department of Education took aim at affirmative action."
“What effect all of this may have had on the actual demographics of the law student population is uncertain.
The ABA says minority students last year made up 22.4 percent of first-year enrollment, up from 21.5 percent when...