Research in Higher Education Journal igher J
The pros and cons of e education budget cuts: An investigative study nvestigative Phillip D. Coleman Western Kentucky University Rhonda Walker Western Kentucky University Lincoln Lawrence Western Kentucky University Abstract A review of the effects of past education budget cuts is important to review in order to better understand necessary modifications to meet the rising need for quality education in the United States. Multiple positive and negative outcomes are examined in order to balance the polar principles of education budget cuts. The positive outcomes are more attention on gas consumption by buses, improved paper reduction processes through technology utilization, application of energy efficient practices, implementation of environmentally friendly practices, and precise evaluation of educational and instructional time. The negative aspects of education he budget cuts include loss of exposure to education, increased disparity between stu students of low income and high income, loss of quality of education, elimination of special need programs, and increased costs to parents. The educational leaders, Arne Duncan, Secretary of Education and the National State Boards of Education should address the negative effects of the should current, No Child Left Behind accountability system as they prepare to implement the new Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2011 and review the accountabilities that affect the quality of education and college preparedness of students while decreasing the f disparity between low income and high income students. Keywords: Education, Budget Cuts, No Child Left Behind Act, Efficiencies in Higher Education Act,
The pros and cons, Page 1
Research in Higher Education Journal igher J INTRODUCTION Education is affected by budget cuts as it has been for many years in the United States. With each new administration in the White House, new policies are enacted for accountability and new legislation passed for increasing budget cuts in education is prevalent (Education (Ed Budget, 2003). The positive outcomes of education budget cuts are evident as a short term . evident bandage on the wound of past and current poor financial and operational planning within our government. Budget cuts prompt the need for school districts nationwide to examine how their ionwide ho funds are distributed, allowing many facets of the educational system to formulate plans of action to accommodate the needs of the budget. Generating some scrutiny; however, many school districts have launched a new initiative on improving education and educational services. Many schools are not only adapting to eminent budget cuts, but they are thriving on new resources and technology that position students on the brink of the future (Fisher, 2010). 2010) Some schools have also begun to adapt to the budget change by altering the number of days schools are in session each week. This has not only lowered costs, but many speculate it may potentially change the culture of teaching (Reid, 2010). Conventional teaching methods . may become challenged by more effective and efficient modern techniques. Consolidation of schools using more efficient bus routes can greatly decrease the amount of money spent on fuel. Despite the positive outcomes of education budget cuts many negative outcomes still exist. With the 2011 fiscal year deficit expected to reach an all-time high of $1.48 trillion (Reuters, 2011), education will be taking another hit for additional c , but at what cost? In cuts, 2001 the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was implemented. In its purest form, it was a policy form designed to increase the availability of quality education to children of lower income and special needs while holding institutes receiving federal funding accountable for ensuring this policy was implemented (Rashid & Johnson, 2011) The NCLB Act embraced the premise that all children 2011). shall have equal access...
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