The Project Management Process Groups

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Chapter 3:
The Project Management Process Groups: A Case Study

Learning Objectives
o Describe the five project management (PM) process groups, the typical level of activity for each, and the interactions among them. o Understand how the project management process groups relate to the project management knowledge areas. o Discuss how organizations develop IT project management methodologies to meet their needs.

Learning Objectives (Cont.)
o Review a case study of an organization applying the PM process groups to manage an IT project. o Understand the contribution that effective project initiation, project planning, project execution, project monitoring and controlling, and project closing make to project success.

Project Management Process Groups
o A process is a series of actions directed toward a particular result. o Project management can be viewed as a number of interlinked processes. o The project management process groups include: n n n n n Initiating processes Planning processes Executing processes Monitoring and controlling processes Closing processes

Level of Activity and Overlap of Process Groups Over Time

Mapping the Process Groups to the Knowledge Areas
o You can map the main activities of each PM process group into the nine knowledge areas by using the PMBOK® Guide 2004. o Note that there are activities from each knowledge area under the planning process group. o All initiating activities are part of the project integration management knowledge area.

Relationships Among Process Groups and Knowledge Areas

Relationships Among Process Groups and Knowledge Areas (Cont.)

Developing an IT Project Management Methodology
o Just as projects are unique, so are approaches to project management. o Many organizations develop their own project management methodologies, especially for IT projects; a methodology describes how things should be done. o BlueCross BlueShield of Michigan used the PMBOK as a guide in developing their...
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