The biggest problem humans have been having since the dawn of time is, 'how do we entertain ourselves?'. One would assume it began with fire, something that aroused the eyes and entertained the mind.Though fire may have been the beginning, centuries upon centuries later a much more highly intelligent form of entertainment revolutionized the world, motion pictures. In the dog eat dog world of entertainment Film reigns alpha dog. Film has some of the biggest influence on the world around us. It shapes our adolescence, teaching foreign things to the young developing mind. Cinema has spurred riots, love, and murder. So the question is, whats are these powerful pieces of art?
"I am going to make a name for myself. If I fail, you will never hear from me again." (Edward James Muggeridge). The first traceable form of anything relating to motion pictures was the "Magic Lantern" invented in the 17th Century by Athansius Kircher in Rome, Italy. The device had a lens that projected pictures from transparencies onto a screen, with a mere candle. This was the first step towards the revolution that would progress to a more advanced device in centuries to come. In 1831 the law of electromagnetic induction was discovered by an English scientist Michael Faraday, a major part used in generating elcectricity and powering simple motors and machines, including film equipment. In 1832 a Belgian inventor by the name of Joseph Plateau created a device called the "Fantascope" or "spindle viewer". Simple enough, it made a sequence of seperate pictures depicting stages or actions, like juggling or dancing. The images were arranged around the outter circle of a slotted disk. The disk required being placed in front of a mirror and rotated. Someone viewing through the slots saw a moving picture (Filmsite) In 1934 William George Horner, a British inventor, invited the "Daedalum". The Daedalum was a hollow, rotating drum with a crank, and had a strip of sequential photographs and drawings on the interior. Spectators observed the 'moving' drawings (Filmsite). "The first machine patented in the United States that showed animated pictures or movies was a device called the "wheel of life" or "zoopraxiscope". Patented in 1867 by William Lincoln, moving drawings or photographs were watched through a slit in the "zoopraxiscope."(Ask.com). However, those inventions were not near the modern film we know and love today. Its hard to know who exactly created what first, due to so many inventors around the globe, all creating similar things. Credit is typically given to a Frenchmen by the name Louis Lumiere for inventing the first motion picture camera in 1895. But in contrast several others are recorded for making similar inventions at similar times.Lumiere invited a portable motion picture camera, film processing unit and projector called the Cinematographe, three functions covered in one invention. The Cinematographe made motion pictures popular to the public, some say Louis Lumiere started the motion picture era. In the same year Lumiere and his brother presented moving, photographic, pictures to a paying audience. Though that was a major point in the creation of the film we have today, Lumiere and his brother were not the first. "The cinema is an invention without a future." Surely Louis would eat his words if shown the world of modern film today. A few years earlier the Edison company succesfully demonstrated the Kinetoscope. The Kinetoscope allowed one person at a time to view moving pictures. In the year 1896 Thomas Edison released his new and improved Vitascope projector. The Vitascope was the first comercially, succesful, projector in the U.S. (About.com). When 1889 came around the first commercial transparent film roll was perfected by Eastman and his team of research chemist. This allowed Edison to develop his motion pictures, and play them on other Vitascopes. The Vitascope's first theatrical exhibition was on April 23, 1896, at Koster and Bial's Music...
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