University of Phoenix (axia)
During the late 1600’s is when most prisons in certain colonies began, They first began to hit, whip, and just embarrass those in the community whom would steal, or betray those who were in law. They would receive punishment in the worst ways so much as death for stealing, one wouldn’t even be able to be released until the whole community decided or they were branded ( their made into slaves). Soon changes were made like The Great Law in 1682 by Pennsylvania, they decided to began the changes for instance restitution fees, for properties or goods, if these items weren’t able to be retrieved then the worst was to happen. The death penalty was still allowed under the “Great Law,” but only in cases of premeditated murder. Today prisons are viewed as instruments of punishment the loss of freedom imposed on inmates is society’s retribution for the crimes they have committed. Once Penn’s death in 1718 “The Great Law” was repealed over ,and never thought off again. The main purpose of the American prison’s systems is to seek status as a section in the Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology it will then be its aim to present each year, a program at the annual meeting of each of the larger organizations. The aspect varies between criminals that are in the corrections for felonies. Some measures, such as probation orders, may in some jurisdictions be imposed without registering a formal conviction. Moreover, first offenders charged with relatively trivial offenses will often be ‘diverted’ out of the system at the stage of the police investigation or by the exercise of prosecutorial discretion. The Great Penitentiary Rivalry involved the two states of Pennsylvania and New York. It seemed that both states wanted to find a way to fix the problem with overcrowded prisons. Pennsylvania built their cells so that the criminals would not have any contact with anyone except for clergy and, or the guards. New York decided to do... [continues]
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(2010, 06). The Prison System. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 06, 2010, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Prison-System-347923.html
"The Prison System" StudyMode.com. 06 2010. 06 2010 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Prison-System-347923.html>.
"The Prison System." StudyMode.com. 06, 2010. Accessed 06, 2010. http://www.studymode.com/essays/The-Prison-System-347923.html.