The Principles of Prevention and Infection Control

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1. Understand roles and responsibilities in the prevention and control of infections 1.1 Explain employers roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection

The employer has a duty to protect, so far as reasonably practicable, those at work who may be affected by work activities. This involves your employer carrying out a risk assessment to identify and assess the risk. Your employer is responsible for planning safety, providing information and updating systems and procedures. The employers responsibility with regards the prevention and control of infection is to supply PPE if the risk to health & safety cannot be adequately controlled in other ways. You must receive proper training on how to use any PPE provided and your employer should carry out regular checks to ensure it is being used correctly. They should ensure the correct storage of PPE such as gloves. Waste can be a source of infection and needs to be dealt with safely. Employers must have procedures in place to deal with waste materials and spillage to ensure it is dealt with correctly. Your employer is also responsible in reporting any outbreaks of infection within your workplace, to the Health Protection team and the Care Quality Commission.

1.2.Explain employees responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection The employee has a duty of care for the service users you attend. This means you always act in the best interests of the service user and their care needs. The GSCC code of practice declares you should not “Put yourself or other people at unnecessary risk”. You are responsible for following your employer’s workplace safety procedure correctly, reporting and problems with those procedures or equipment used. In terms of infection control, this means you should always wear PPE provided and attend any necessary training. Dispose of all waste materials and spillage in the correct way. Clinical waste / used dressings – Yellow bag, Needles, syringes, cannulas – Yellow sharps box, Body fluids/urine, blood, faeces, vomit – down sluice, Soiled linen – Red bags

2 Understand legislation and policies relating to prevention and control of infections 1.2Outline current legislation and regulatory body standards which are relevant to the prevention and control of infection

The Health and Social Care Act 2008 and Code of Practice
The Health and Social Care Act 2008, Code of Practice for health and adult social care on the prevention and control of infections and related guidance (Department of Health 2009) requires all organisations which provide health and adult social care to have policies, procedures and protocols in place which minimise the risk of infection. This Act came into force in April 2009 for NHS care providers and is used by the Care Quality Commission to assess compliance with the registration requirements on ‘cleanliness and infection prevention and control’. Independent health and adult social care will be brought into registration under the Health and Social Care Act 2008 from October 2010 and the Code has been revised to cover all adult health and social care providers The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 - Employers, employees and the self-employed have a duty to protect, so far as is reasonably practicable, those at work who may be affected by work activity . The Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002 This includes biological agents such as Hepatitis C Virus and employers are required to assess risk and implement adequate and appropriate control measures. The Management of Health at Work Regulations 1999 – Employers are obliged to make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to health and then apply risk control measures based on this. The Reporting of Incidences, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 – Requires employers to report specific incidents to the Health and Safety Executive. Incidents involving acute illness...
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