“The possession of knowledge carries an ethical responsibility” evaluate this claim
Knowledge can be a justified as a true belief, factual information or skills aquired, as stated by the
Oxford dictionary: “facts, information, and skills acquired through experience or education; the
theoretical or practical understanding of a subject”.1 It can also refer to the knowledge of human
nature, perception and reason are ways of knowing which we use in our everyday life, making
knowledge also the“awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation”.2
Therefore what is actually knowledge? The word originates fom the old English verb gecnawan,
cnāwan, which today translates to the word know and the auxiliary can.3 Consequently, the verb
'acknowledge' implies a state of aknowledgment and apprhension, together with an ability to act,
which leads to the idea of a process. The latin cognosco (to conciously know) recalls the dinamic
and construstive aspect of aknowledging something, an accumulation of information.4 Furthermore
in 1200, knowledge was even refered to as information one confesses to possess, admitting and
recognizing to have aquired knowledge. From the verb however implies a state of action which
could both refer to the active apprhension of the knoweldge itself and at the same time, the power to
act which is attributed to the knower.
The concept of responsibility instead refers to “the state or fact of having a duty, having control
over someone or being accountable or to blame for something”.5 Deriving from the 1590s
answerable (to another, for something) and the Latin responsus (to respond), the root word holds
the sense of obligation which led to the meaning attested in 1836 of “morally accountable for one's
actions”.6 Therefore, responsability is a condition of being responsible for something. Ethics
instead are defined as:“the moral correctness of specified conduct”.7... [continues]
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