The Right to Life
Life is lived out through our philosophical and ideological beliefs. The fundamental principles and circumstances that help to shape our views as it concerns these guiding force in our lives are varied and sometimes due to circumstances. However we arrive at these core beliefs, there are several universally accepted institutions that play a vital role in shaping these beliefs and religion is definitely a universally accepted institution and it definitely plays a vital role in shaping our core values. Our beliefs are an extension of deeply rooted core values. Religion is a source of division when it comes to our beliefs about abortion and the right of a woman to choose.. Those who oppose abortion usually using the Holy Bible as their source to form and formulate their core values. They contend and label it as murder due to one of the Ten Commandments which were given to Moses by God to for people of Israel says “Thou shalt not kill”. Those that oppose it believe that life begins at conception. As a practicing Christian, I hold the same core belief but also believe in the “free will and determination” that God has given to mankind. When God placed man in the Garden of Eden, he gave them the freedom to choose to keep the commandment not to eat of the Tree of life” and it is no secret what choice they made. Adam and Eve ate from it1. My core value belief is that a woman has the same right of choice. It seems important that before the issue is debated from my viewpoint that the question should be asked: how did such a hot and debatable topic come to be. The decision by the Supreme Court of United States of America in Rowe v Wade sets the stage for this controversial topic which led to legislation legalizing abortion in 1973. Consider an excerpt from the book ABORTATION OPPOSING VIEWPOINTS edited by Mary E. Williams:
Abortion is one of the most persistently controversial issues in American culture and (Williams)politics today. Since the 1973 national legislation of abortion, competing groups have fought to either restrict or increase access to the procedure, leading to heated debates among political activist, religious organization, state legislatures, and judges. This conflict is perhaps reflective of the nation’s ambivalence over abortion. While is often depicted as a two- sided debate, the abortion controversy is actually quite multifaceted, involving complex speculation on biology, ethics, and constitutional rights. Those who identify themselves as prolife, for example, generally contend that abortion is wrong because it kills human life, which they believe begins at conception.2
When life begins is usually argued in terms of morality versus immorality. A group of Catholic Bishops frames their argument around the idea that abortion is immoral is discussed in the book Abortion Opposing Viewpoints. The essay is titled:
Abortion Is Immoral
Catholic Bishops of the United States
The following viewpoint is excerpted from a November 1998 statement drafted by the Catholic Bishops of the United States that addressed the American Catholic response in opposing abortion in the the political sphere. These bishops maintain that the most basic human right is the right to life. Since human life is sacred from conception until natural death, they contend, abortion is immoral.3
They also use Biblical Scripture to support their belief about when life begins:
“Now the word of the Lord came to me saying: Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, before you were born, I consecrated you; a prophet to the nations I appointed.” 4
A rebuttal to the Bishop's immoral argument is given by John M. Swomley from this same book. The excerpt is titled: ABORTATION IS NOT IMMORAL.
Swomley contends that that “the Bible contains no statements against abortion. He explains that; in addition, a fetus is scientifically defined as a person when the brain activity begins- about twenty-eight weeks after...
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