The Pollution Problem in Dhaka

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ENV 101 Assignment

Topics: Rivers of Bangladesh

Submitted To: Kazi Sunzida Lisa

Submitted By: Syeda Nafisa Noor

Sec: 03; ID: 1020629

Date: 20/4/20 The Land of Great Rivers

Rivers of Bangladesh have nurtured this region, with its ancient civilizations and enduring culture. These mighty waterways offer wonderful opportunities to explore the variety and beauty of the landscape and the life they support. Hence Bangladesh is called the land of rivers or the gift of rivers. The health, wealth and happiness of Bangladesh depend on her rivers.

Rivers Status:
There are many big and small rivers. The Padma, the Meghna, the Jamuna are the big and wide rivers. The Buriganga, the Sitalakshya, the Dhaleswari, the Teesta, the Madhumati, the Gumati and the Karnafuli are small rivers. Most of the rivers of our country rise from the Himalayas and fall into the Bay of Bengal.

Almost 300 rivers and their tributaries crisscross the country. The outflow of water from Bangladesh is the third highest in the world, next only to those of the Amazon and the Congo systems.

Major Rivers:
Major rivers include the Padma, the Meghna, the Jamuna, the Brahmaputra and the Karnaphuli. They are an inseparable part of the lives of the people and can bring sorrow when there are severe floods. But most of the time, they make farmers happy by fertilizing the soil. Ganges (or Padma), Brahmaputra (or Jamuna), and the Meghna are three active rivers.

Scenario of Our Rivers:
Many poems, songs and novels have been written on the rivers and their role in the lives of the Bangladeshi people. Some of the rivers are regarded as more poetic because of the nature of their flow and their effect on the countryside.

Tourists are sure to enjoy the riverine beauty of Bangladesh, the various types of boats plying smoothly to the rhythm of waves; and the sky and the river meeting in a spectacular sunset. Relaxing on the riverbank they can easily forget the bustle and anxieties of city life for a while. But it is a great sorrow that this scenario has changed.

One of the most important features of the wetlands and dazzling river systems of the country are the Sundarbans, the great mangrove forest where the Ganges-Brahmaputra flows down into the Bay of Bengal. This great delta is a 16,700 sq km World Heritage Site of which two-thirds lies in Bangladesh and one-third in India. A network of tidal rivers, creeks and canals separates over 200 islands. Local people live off the forest products, chiefly honey, wood and fish.

Dubla Char in Bangladesh is a hive of activity with fishing from mid-October to mid-February. The amazing ecological diversity of the Sundarbans supports endangered
Padma River
creatures, such as the tiger (which has adapted to the salt-water environment), the estuarine crocodile, the Gangetic and Irrawaddy dolphin and a host of smaller mammals, migratory birds, reptiles and amphibians.

Importance of Rivers:

Agricultural Sectors:
The rivers are the source of our wealth. Bangladesh is an agricultural country. The prosperity of agriculture depends on the rivers. These rivers have made the soil fertile. So rice, jute tea and other crops grow in plenty here.

Rivers of Bangladesh abound with fish. Fish is an important wealth. The fishermen catch a huge quantity of fish and export to foreign countries. Thus they earn a lot of foreign exchange. Fish is our main item of food.

Transport or Communication Sectors:
The rivers of our country are the main ways of communication. Boats, launches and steamers move on these rivers in all reasons. Men and goods are carried from one town to another, from one part to another. All these are possible only for river communication. Most of the cities, towns, industries, hats, bazaars, trade-centers are on the bank of rivers. The products of mills,...
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