The Police And Law Enforcement

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The Police and Law
Enforcement
Anthony Mugavero
CJA/204
University of Phoenix

Timeline of the historical
development of police
agencies and their
jurisdiction.


1200-British created an organized posse led by the shire
reeve or mounted officer



1285-Statute of Winchester



1630-Watch and ward in England. Colonist implemented
English style law enforcement



1700s-The Bow Street Runners. An early English police
unit



1829-Sir Robert Peel created the London Metropolitan
Police Force of 1000 hand picked men called the Bobbies



1844- Creation of New York City Police Department



1908- Creation of the Federal Bureau of Investigations

Note. Adapted from Criminal Justice USA A time line of Police in the U.S.. (2015). Retrieved from
http://www.criminaljusticeusa.com/blog/2011/police-in-the-u-s/

The historical development of police agencies
and policing styles.
1840s – 1930s Political Era
Policing style: Watchman

Note. Adopted from Night watchman wall art & canvas prints. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.magnoliabox.com/tag/night%20watchman

The historical development of police agencies
and policing styles continued…
1930s – 1970s Reform
era
Policing style:
Legalistic

Note. Adopted from Mafia mug shots. (2015). Retrieved from
http://crime.about.com/od/gangsters/ig/Mafia-Mug-Shots/

The historical development of police agencies
and policing styles continued…
1970s – Present time Community Era
Policing style: Service

Note. Adopted from Dare Alaska. (2015). Retrieved from http://darealaska.com/

LE agencies under the jurisdiction of the Department of
Homeland Security and their responsibilities


Federal Protective Service



Transportation Security Administration



U.S. Coast Guard



U.S. Customs and Border Protection



U.S. Border Patrol



U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Note. Adopted from Congress manages to pass bill that funds DHS…for a whole week. (2014). Retrieved from http://all-len-all.com/congress-manages-to-pass-bill-that-funds-dhsfor-a-whole-week/



U.S. Secret Service

Primary purpose of police patrol
United Kingdom Police Service said that “ The purpose of the police service is to uphold the law fairly and firmly; to prevent crime; to pursue and bring to justice those who break the law; to keep the… peace ; to protect, help and reassure the community…”

The role of police in a contemporary society

Note. Adopted from metCBB (2011, August 10). The role of a police officer is unique [Video file]. Retrieved from Youtube website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJg-pgW7CWw

Issues facing today’s police
departments
Budget cuts


Laying off of police officers



Loss of funding for community based projects



Loss of response time to criminal incidents

Professionalism, ethics and corruption


Diminishes public perception



Undermines the efforts of good police



Tarnishes reputation of all law enforcement agencies

Questions?

References
Homeland Security Enterprise . (2015). Retrieved from http://www.dhs.gov/ metCBB (2011, August 10). The role of a police officer is unique [Video file]. Retrieved from Youtube website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iJgpgW7CWw Schmalleger, F. (2011). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century (11th ed.). Retrieved from The University of Phoenix eBook A time line of Police in the U.S.. (2015). Retrieved from

http://www.criminaljusticeusa.com/blog/2011/police-in-the-u-s/ university of Phoenix. (2011). CJ interactive [Multimedia]. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, CJA204 website.

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