The Phineas Gage Paper

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The Phineas Gage Paper

Tiffany B

According to The Soy Story, cognitive function is “the mental processes by which knowledge is acquired, these processes include perception, reasoning, acts of creativity, problem solving, and possible intuition” (Glossary, Para.). As everyone knows, the brain is also connected to processing perception, reasoning, creativity, problem solving, and intuition. So by knowing these two facts, you can come to the conclusion that the brain plays a very large role in cognitive functions.

The brain is an amazing structure that not only keeps the body’s many processes regulated, but it is also designed to multi-task and also coordinate all of the cognitive functions that separates human beings from other species. One or more areas of the cognitive brain control not only bodily processes, but also emotions, thoughts, and movements (Jeanty, 2009).

The cerebral cortex, or cerebrum, is the section of the brain where cognitive functions originate from. The cerebral cortex, which takes up majority of the brain’s mass, is made up of four sections, or lobes. These four sections are: the frontal lobe, the temporal lobe, the parietal lobe, and the occipital lobe. All of these lobes are in charge of their own set of tasks and functions (Jeanty, 2009).

The frontal lobe is in charge of planning, problem solving, personality organizing, selective attention, and a variety of other “higher cognitive functions” (Johnson Jr., 2009). The temporal lobe consists of two sections, one on each side of the brain. The temporal love controls a person’s ability to tell different smells and also different sounds and they also are involved with sorting new information. The right temporal lobe is involved with the visual memory and the left temporal lobe is involved with the verbal memory.

The parietal lobe, like the temporal lobe, is divided into two sections at the top of the brain. The parietal lobes contribute too...
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