The Philippines Tuna Industry: a Profile

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SAMUDRA Monograph

The Philippines Tuna Industry: A Profile

Cesar Allan Vera and Zarina Hipolito

International Collective in Support of Fishworkers

About the Authors Cesar Allan C. Vera is a Programme Manager of the CBCRM (Community-based Coastal Resource Management) Resource Centre, an NGO in Quezon City, Philippines, which promotes learning and knowledge management in CBCRM contexts in the Philippines and among partners in Southeast Asia. He has long served as Executive Director of SIKAT, an NGO promoting CBCRM, and as Chair of NGOs for Fisheries Reform, a coalition of NGOs advocating policy changes in Philippine fisheries. Zarina Hipolito, who has a degree in journalism and community development, is a Research Associate of the CBCRM Resource Centre. She has been a trainer in different countryside development initiatives through rural electric co-operatives of the National Electrification Agency, where she previously worked.

SAMUDRA Monograph

The Philippines Tuna Industry: A Profile

Cesar Allan Vera and Zarina Hipolito

International Collective in Support of Fishworkers

I. II. III. IV. V. VI. Introduction Philippines Fisheries The Philippines Tuna Industry: A Brief History Tuna Production Producers Post-harvest Facilities 1 3 13 15 22 36 43 48 54 60 61 63 64 66 67 69 Skipjack Tuna Production Eastern Little Tuna Production Yellowfin Tuna Production Frigate Tuna Production Council Directive of 16 June 1992 (92/48/eec) passed 16 June

VII. Financing and Marketing VIII. Tuna Management IX. Discussion Endnotes References and Interviews Appendix A: Appendix B: Appendix C: Appendix D: Appendix E:

List of Figures
Figure 1: Figure 2: Figure 3: Figure 4: Figure 5: Figure 6: Figure 7: Figure 8: Philippines Marine Jurisdictional Boundaries Regional Map of the Philippines Flowchart of Tuna Industry Overall Philippine Fishery Production (Volume & Value), 1980-2004 Fisheries Production per Sector in MT, 1980-2004 Fisheries Production per Sector in P (‘000), 1980-2004 Trade Performance in MT, 1994-2003 Trade Performance in US $ (fob or free on board), 1994-2003 i ii 2 4 5 6 7 8

Figure 9: Figure 10: Figure 11: Figure 12: Figure 13: Figure 14: Figure 15: Figure 16: Figure 17: Figure 18: Figure 19: Figure 20:

Overall Tuna Production by Sector, 1995-2004 Production per Species: (a) 1995-2004, (b) Share per Species, 2004 Skipjack Tuna Production per Sector, 1995-2005 Frigate Tuna Production by Sector, 1995-2004 Yellowfin and Bigeye Tuna Production by Sector, 1995-2004 Eastern Little Tuna Production by Sector, 1995-2004 Traditional Handline Vessel or Banca Mother Pumpboat with Kawa-kawa (Auxiliary Boats) Carried on the Outrigger Lilima (One-Fifth) Sharing Scheme Purse-seiner Tuna Exports (a) Volume in Tonnes and (b) Value in US$ (000), 1994-2003 Fishery Product Imports, 1994, 2003

17 17 18 19 20 21 26 27 29 33 46 47

List of Tables
Table 1: Table 2: Distribution of Fishing Vessels Production of Philippine and PNG-based Philippine Purse-seine Bilateral Access Vessels in PNG Waters, 2000-2004 Estimated Tuna Fleet Structure Tuna Canneries in General Santos City and Estimated Capacity and Utilization Unloading Volume by Foreign Longline Vessels in Davao Fish Port, 2000-2004 MSY, TAC and Catch Estimates of Select Tuna, 2004 6

22 23 40 48 52

Table 3: Table 4: Table 5: Table 6:

Abbreviations ACEF AFMA

Agriculture Competitiveness Enhancement Fund Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act Association of Southeast Asian Nations Free Trade Association Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao Bureau of Agricultural Statistics Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management The newest region in the Philippines covering the provinces of Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Surigao del Norte, and Surigao del Sur Common Effective Preferential Tariff Department of Agriculture Department of Environment and Natural Resources Department of...
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