The People are not "The Masses"

Topics: Separation of powers, Democracy, Alexis de Tocqueville Pages: 9 (2796 words) Published: October 3, 2014
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The People are not “The Masses”!
by Kassia Glisson and Robyn Kurdas!
POS 4429 001!
September 22nd, 2014!

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Table of Contents!

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I. Introduction ..................................................................................................................... page 1!
II. Dangers in Democracy ................................................................................................. page 1-3!
III.Democracy and Bureaucracy ....................................................................................... page 3-4!
IV. The Separation of Powers ............................................................................................ page 4-5!
V. Personal Analysis ......................................................................................................... page 5-6!
VI. Conclusion ...................................................................................................................... page 6!
VII.Questions ........................................................................................................................ page 7!
VIII. References .................................................................................................................... page 7!

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I. Introduction!
The word “democracy” literally means “power of the people.”  Power is not hard to define, but how do we decide what “the people” actually refers to? Is it referring to people as individuals, as groups, or a society as whole? We must also acknowledge that even the most well-founded democracies can encounter unforeseen obstacles.  In Micheal Rosen and Jonathan Wolffs Political Thought, with the chapter of Democracy and its Difficulties, sections explore this topic in more depth through works of famous philosophers and historical figures. In the section titled Dangers in Democracy, publications from Aristotle, James Madison, and Alexis de Tocqueville are outline causes and effects of manipulated forms of democracy.  Following this section, the topic of Democracy and Bureaucracy is presented by the opinions of Max Weber and Vilfredo Pareto who explain how a democracy may or may not facilitate other types of government.  The final selection of the chapter, Separation of Powers, explores a concept that many Americans should be familiar with; the three branches of government. John Locke gives us a rough blueprint of how powers should be distributed while Baron de Montesquieu elaborates and further dissolves the concentration of power. Each reading show how democracy can go wrong but some even share insight as to how a government can be structured to fix it." II. Dangers in Democracy"

            Aristotle was not an advocate of democracies like most of his fellow Athenians, if fact, he did not even believe that democracies could rightfully be called as such when considering certain aspects of assumed power. He argued that democracy can not be simply idealized into one complete supposition, expressing how there are actually many types of democracy. The selection of Aristotle’s Rule of the People and Rule of the Law, focus’ on one kind of democracy in particular where democracy can be defined by where the “mass” is actually “sovereign,” as opposed to the law.  Aristotle believed that the law should be held over that of decree which is to say that it should be constitution for officers to hold power above people. He explained this by illustrating how, through a masses referral from powers of a demagogue or other flatterer, laws become undermined which leads to an entire government being undermined (Rosen & Wolff, 106). When leaders appeal to popular demand and not to rational arguments, it becomes clear how power can be shifted decrees swayed by the people can overrule. This is considered to be Page "1 of "7

one of the dangers of democracy, shedding a light on why they can be relatively aloof when one reflects...
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