The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

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Introduction
Barack Hussein Obama II, the 44th President of the United States of America, is a President full of firsts. President Obama is the first President born in the little state of Hawaii, he is the first African American President, he is the first President to openly support gay marriage, and most relevantly, he is the first President in United States history to sign a health care reform into law. The latter “first” is a major historical event that reformed the current, as of 2009, national health care system which came with the name: The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. It is a Presidential “first” that has begun, and will continue, to change the course of our nation for generations to come. It is critical, and beneficial to the entire United States’ population, to fully comprehend such an important piece of historical legislation; especially since this fairly new law affects every citizen and legal resident living in the United States regarding their personal health future. However, understanding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in its entirety is very trying; as the law is nearly 1,000 pages long, extensive amounts of time, thought and money have been put into developing this reform, and research of the long-term effects this law will generate will not be available until the unforeseeable future, understanding the law is difficult. In beginning to explain the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the following text will first answer the question of why such legislation was developed and implemented. Next, the text will briefly summarize the most important facts of this infantile law. This will include a description explaining the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in regards to the history and development of the reform, and the public reaction emphasizing contrasting political parties. After that, the Pros and Cons of implementing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act will be weighed in a bipartisan fashion based on historical research, future speculation and opinion from experts on the subject matter. Finally, the text will conclude with the author’s personal opinion on the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Reasons Behind Developing The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Before explaining what the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act entails, the question of “why such a reform is necessary for the United States at all” needs to be answered. Historically, the public realization of a need for some type of national health insurance began nearly a century before the current law had been developed (Davidson 185). Many Presidential Administrations throughout the 20th Century had suggested ideas of health reform; however, none of these reforms prevailed. This indicates that adjustments to health care on a national level were inevitable. Why make those adjustments now? There are many reasons as to why this health reform initiative was heavily, and successfully, pushed into law. The Institute of Medicine issued a report in 2002 suggesting six strategies on how to improve the current public health system (Majette 367). Among these suggestions, the Institute of Medicine called on the federal government to develop a system of accountability assuring the quality and availability of public health service and strengthen the governmental public health infrastructure. Eight years later, the Institute of Medicine has suggested focusing on preventing disease and promoting health to improve the current health system. Since then, congress has been pushing health reform harder than ever to stay consistent in improving public health. In addition to improving public health, the federal government became aware of the health/financial crisis of average United States citizens. According to a poll done in April 2009 by the Kaiser Family Foundation, 59 percent of the families taking the poll indicated that they put off preventative or necessary...
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