The Parthenon is an ancient Greek temple located on the Acropolis, a hill overlooking the city of Athens, Greece. This structure was built in 447 BC to act as a location of worship and gift to the Greek Goddess, Athena and replaced the temple of Hekatompeden that was created by the Persians and destroyed in 480 BC during the Persian war. The Parthenon was constructed by two key architects; Iktinos and Kallikrates. Materials used to build the Parthenon were limestone and marble. The cost of the build was approximately 469 silver talents which was the currency of the day. The Parthenon was constructed on a base measuring 69.5 metres by 30.9 metres, The Cella or internal room was calculated to be 29.8 metres long by 19.2 metres wide, with Doric colonnades in two tiers which were essential in the supporting of the roof. Almost all of the internal Cella was utilised as storage for the oversized statue of Athena. The Parthenon remained intact until the 4th century AD, when it changed from a dedicated temple to Athenato a province of the Roman Empire. This resulted in the Parthenon losing the vast majority of its glory. The Roman Empire later raided the Parthenon in the 5th century, where they stole the statue of Athena and transported it to Constantinople. In the late sixth century, this magnificent structure was then converted into a Christian church, whilst from approximately 1204, under the ruling of Frankish Dukes of Athens; it served as a Latin Church. Dating back to this date, the Parthenon had been well preserved but then went to see a number of changes in later centuries. To this day, the Parthenon acts a favourite tourist icon and is also used regularly as a study of architecture as it is proclaimed to be one of the most impressive Doric buildings in existence.
The Parthenon: viewed March 20 2013.
Sakoulas, Thomas. [The Parthenon]
Ancient-Greece.org. [viewed March 21...
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