The Paralympic Movement
Sport is a very important and essential part of our life. Sport makes us happy, healthy, keeps us fit, makes us more organized and better disciplined. People all over the world are fond of sport and a lot of people are also fond of sports competitions. The most famous sports competitions are The Olympic Games. The Olympic Games are an international sports competition which is held every four years in a different country. Thousands of athletes from all over the world compete against each other in individual and team sports. Over 1 billion people watch the games on TV. It’s a terrific event that unites people worldwide. So it’s no doubt that each athlete has a big dream to participate in the Olympic Games. But while sport has value in everyone's life, it is even more important in the life of a person with a disability. That is why the Paralympic Games has appeared and equally with the Olympic Games they are held every four years. The Paralympic Games are a multi-sport event for athletes with physical, mental and sensorial disabilities. This includes mobility disabilities, amputees, visual disabilities and those with cerebral palsy. There are Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which since the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea, are held immediately following the respective Olympic Games. All Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), that was founded on 22 September 1989 in Dusseldorf, Germany. The IPC is the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement. The Paralympics first started in 1948 when Ludwig Guttmann organized a sports competition which involved Second World War veterans that had spinal injuries. Afterwards a similar event was organized in Toronto, Canada where different disability groups were added and the idea of merging together and taking part in athletic sports was a success. And now the Paralympic Movement is one of the largest sporting phenomena on earth. The word...
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