The Origins of the Persian Empire
* Basically the rise of the Persian can be accredited to one man: Cyrus the Great. * He was a very powerful king who had the idea of expanding the Persian kingdom by conquering all the land around him. * He ended up creating one of the biggest empires that lasted over two hundred years. * He’s impact on the Persian Empire allowed other emperors after him such as Darius to continue expanding the empire. * First he took control of Media around 550 B.C.E.
* Media was the land that connected east and west Asia.
* He formed a government there and had Median and Persian nobles to be civilian officials. * Then he conquered what is known as the Fertile Crescent. * After that conquer the Persian Empire was huge.
* Although he conquered all these places he allowed them to keep their languages, their religion to keep leaving how they are used to.
The consolidation of the Persian Empire
* After Cyrus died his son Darius I, came to power.
* He was a warrior king like his father and decided to build on what Cyrus had achieved. * He divided the Empire into several provinces to make it easier to govern. * Each province had a governor called a strap that took orders from him and collected taxes. * He was also a great builder, he build The Royal Road this made it easier for soldiers, mail and messages to be sent across the empire. * He also promoted trade and business and established a law code. * Although he was a great administrator he made a mistake when he tried to extend Persian domination into Greece. * The city resisted and revolt without realizing how powerful Darius was. * He ended up punishing the Athens and he regained control over Asia Minor and Thrace, invaded and conquered several Aegean Islands, and even attempted to torch the mighty Greek city-state of Athens. * The Athens tried to get back at the Battle of...