The Origins of American Government
November 11th, 1621 marks the day when English influence took its first steps onto Cape Cod, a miniscule piece of land that after over a century would become part of what is now the United States of America. The pilgrims brought forth with them a system of government of which had experienced centuries of evolution in England, but as time lingered on, they realized that an end to the English crown had to be eminent. After challenging the crown in a deadly war that lasted eight years, the Founding Fathers of the United States devised a system of government that had used elements within the English government and some of their own thinking. As the first American colonies began to grow, they were subject to the English form of government. Each of the 13 colonies had a charter, or a basic law. This led to three different kinds of colonies: royal, proprietary and charter. The royal colonies were in direct control of the crown, the proprietary colonies were organized by a proprietor of whom the King had made a grant of land, and the charter colonies were self-governing. After a series of intolerable acts passed by the King, the colonists began to boycott British products, the most notable being the Boston Tea Party. A committee of five great men, Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, and Thomas Jefferson, had written a declaration. A declaration sent to the king of England that the American people were through living under English oppression. This document, named the Declaration of Independence, led the colonies to become independent States after the grueling Revolutionary War was fought. Propositions were created for establishing a form of government that America would accept afterwards. The United States first took on the Articles of Confederation which was a plan of government that established a “firm league of friendship” among the states, but allowed few important powers to the central government....
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