The NBA is a billion dollar business and known as one of the largest and most prestigious organization within American sports today. It is also home to one of the most controversial rules in all of sports, which is known as "the one and done rule." The one and done rule restricts high school basketball players from entering the NBA draft out of high school and going to straight to the NBA. According to Article X, Section 1 of the NBA's 2005 collective bargaining agreement (CBA), the policy for player eligibility states: The player (A) is or will be at least 19 years of age during the calendar year in which the Draft is held, and (B) with respect to a player who is not an international player (defined below), at least one (1) NBA Season has elapsed since the player’s graduation from high school (or, if the player did not graduate from high school, since the graduation of the class with which the player would have graduated had he graduated from high school) (CBA, 2005). http://web.archive.org/web/20080227065646/http://www.nbpa.com/cba_articles/article-X.php
This policy was effective for the 2005-2006 season of the NBA, and from the onset of the creation of this policy between the NBA and players union, there was immediate backlash from many players who felt the policy was unreasonable. In the third annual High School Hoops magazine, many players began to weigh in on the subject of the new rules regarding draft eligibility. Kansas State freshman Bill Walker said, "I’m against it. I don’t see why you have to be 19 to play a game of basketball when you can be 18 and go to war for our country and die. It’s ridiculous." Jerryd Bayless said "It’s not fair at all. If a tennis player can go pro at 13, I don’t understand why a basketball player can’t go pro at 18 (Bodenburg, Canner-O'mealy, Mahoney, and Sylvan, 2005).
However, what the players didn't understand was it was in best the best judgment of the NBA to create this policy. Too many player high school players were taken in the NBA draft from high school were not ready for the NBA, especially physically, emotionally, and even their overall skills level. Many of these high school players looked toward LeBron James, Kobe Bryant, Tracy McGrady, and Kevin Garnet and see the success which they were able obtain; pointing to these players successes for the reasons why high school players should be able to be drafted straight out of high school. However, with every success story there are also those who did not succeed, but became major busts within the NBA, such as Kwame Brown (selected 1st overall 2001), Eddy Curry (4th overall), Sebastian Telfair, and Shaun Livingston. The teams who selected these players spent millions of dollars on players who did not have the overall skill to compete in the NBA, and because of this, the 2005 rule was implemented. The financial stress of "hitting on a player" within the top 5 picks of the NBA draft was not worth drafting the unknown player, especially since their skills had not been tested against high competition. The phrase "steel sharpens steel" is very representational of the reasons behind this rule, the NBA felt that to create a better league, and allow for success, the potential players must have have more professional and personal experience. This is very evident when David Stern the commissioner of the NBA, say's "For our business purposes, the longer we can get to look at young men playing against first-rate competition, that's a good thing. Because draft picks are very valuable things" (Cherner, 2012).
Often the "one and done rule" is often confused with the idea that players must at a university and play Division I Basketball in NCAA. This is not the case. What the policy does say, however, a player must be at least the age of 19 when entering the draft, and one year out of high school. What many do not understand is the NBA rules stipulate that players do not have to play in the NCAA, but they have other...