The Normandy Landings (D-Day)

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  • Topic: World War II, Invasion of Normandy, Operation Overlord
  • Pages : 2 (639 words )
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  • Published : May 21, 2013
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Introduction:
The Normandy Landings or most commonly known as D-day was one of the significant battles in the Second World War It lasted from June 1944 to August 1944. The battle was codenamed “Operation Overlord” and began on 6 June 1944. Over 156,000 American, British and Canadian forces landed on the coast of Normandy in France. The invasion was one of the largest recorded in history and this meant extensive planning. The part that made D-day so successful was that the Allies made a deception campaign which mislead the Germans to think there wasn’t going to be an invasion. By the end of August 1944, all of Northern France was freed from the German’s rule and by the following year the Allies had defeated the Germans. The Normandy Landings have been called the start to the end of the Second World War.

Preparation
Once World War II had begun, Germany started to invade and occupy North-Western France in May 1940. The Americans entered the war in December 1941. By 1942 the Americans and the British were considering the possibility of an Allied invasion across the English Channel. The following year, the Allies planned for a cross-Channel invasion to begin but it didn’t work out so well. In November 1943, Adolf Hitler who was aware of the chance of an invasion along France’s northern coast put Erwin Rommel in charge of defence operations in the region, even though the Germans did not know exactly where the Allies would strike. In January 1944, General Dwight Eisenhower was appointed commander of Operation Overlord. In the months before D-Day, the Allies carried out a massive deception operation to make the Germans think the main invasion was to take place at Pas-de-Calais (the narrowest point between Britain and France) rather than Normandy. They also led the Germans to believe that Norway and other locations were also potential invasion targets rather than Normandy.

Weather Delay
Eisenhower selected June 5, 1944, as the date for the invasion; however, bad...
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