The Night of Broken Glass

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The Night of broken glass.

The night of broken glass, also known as Kristallnacht took place on in the night of November 9 throughout 10, 1938 throughout Germany, some part of Austria and the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia recently occupied by Germans. Initiated by Natzi Party and Yoseph Hitler. Kristallnacht got its name from the broken glass lined in German streets. These were fragments from broken window of synagogues, homes, shops and private institutions of Jewish-owned businesses destroyed during the violence. The cost of broken glass in looted Jewish shops—$5 million marks ($1,250,000).

Afterwards German police announced that it was a spontaneous output of public as the reaction of the death of the german embassy in Paris, France by a Jew. Herschel Grynszpan, a 17-year-old Polish Jew went on a shooting spree at the german embassy on November 7,1938. A few days earlier, German authorities evicted thousands of Polish Jews living in Germany, and Herschel’s parents were among them, unable to enter Poland those Jews were sent to the camps on the border. Already illegally living in Paris Herschel was looking for revenge for what happened. He came to the embassy and shooted the diplomatic official assigned to his case. Vom Rath died 2 days after shooting on November 9. . It so happened that the day coincided with the "Beer Hall Putsch", an important date in the calendar of the National Socialists. Ntzi’s leadership assigned in Munich for the ceremony decided to use this case as a pretext to launch the anti–Semitic abuse. They decided that the pogrom should not be organized by the Narzi party, but no matter how far will this go they will not interfere. His words were taken as a command to start pogrom. After his speech the field policemen were informed. Violence occurred in different parts in the night of November 9, and in the early morning of November 10. Reinhard Heydrich as a chief of police informed all the police departures the...
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