The Need for Environmental Secondary Education in Nigeria

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THE NEED FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN SECONDARY
EDUCATION LEVEL IN NIGERIA: Problems and Challenges

International Masters Degree Thesis on Environmental Policy
Year 2004

Made by:
Agnes Chizor Ogueri
Supervised by:
Thomas G. Whiston

Department of Environment, Technology and Social Studies
Roskilde University, Denmark

List of content

GLOSSARY OF TERMS USED…………………………………ix ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………………xi ABTRACT…………………………………………………………..1 CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………….2 1.1. General overview ............................................................................................... 2 1.2. Background of the study .................................................................................... 15 1.3. Statement of problem formulation ..................................................................... 19 1.4. Methodology ...................................................................................................... 12

REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER ONE………………………………23 CHAPTER 2. CONCEPTS/COMPONENTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL
EDUCATION………………………………………………………….25 2.1. Brief overview .................................................................................................... 25 2.2. Problem focusing................................................................................................ 26 2.3. Interdisciplinary / Transdisciplinary .................................................................. 27 2.4. ‘Dual’ education – employment and citizenship ................................................ 28 2.5. Community action (participation) ...................................................................... 28 2.6. Student initiative education ................................................................................ 29 2.7. Experiental education ......................................................................................... 29 2.8. Future time orientation ....................................................................................... 29 2.9. Pre-requisite to future sustainable development ................................................ 30

v

REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER TWO……………………………..32 CHAPTER 3. THE NIGERIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM…………..33
3.1. Brief definition of education .............................................................................. 33 3.2. Historical sketch of Nigerian education ............................................................. 34 3.3. National policy on education.............................................................................. 37 3.4. The educational structure ................................................................................... 38 3.5. Reason for the structure...................................................................................... 41

REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER THREE…………………………..43 CHAPTER 4. SATISFACTORINESS OF THE SYSTEM……………44
4.1. Overview of the success ..................................................................................... 44 4.2. Education – key to self-actualisation ................................................................. 46 4.3. Education – key for transmission of knowledge and skills ................................ 46 4.4. Education – cultural / political development...................................................... 46 4.5. Non-satisfactoriness of the system ..................................................................... 47

REFERENCES FOR CHAPTER FOUR…………………………….52 CHAPTER 5. THE NEED FOR CHANGE………………………….53 5.1. The world global issues / challenges .................................................................. 53 5.2. ‘Wholesome development’ of individual and society ........................................ 56 5.3. New scientific and educational era..................................................................... 57 5.4. ‘Closer’ to OECD nations .................................................................................. 59 5.5....
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