The Nazis and Germany 1919-45: History Revision Guide

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AS History Revision Guide

Paper 1 – June 4th ‘08
Good luck!

Mr. P Ó Brollaigh/ M Mc Cormick

Option 5: The Nazis and Germany 1919–1945
• The rise of the Nazis 1919–1933;
– early life of Hitler and the origins of the Nazi Party, the Munich Putsch and its significance for the Nazis, – the economy 1919–1933,
– the political crisis 1930–1933.
• Nazi controlled Germany 1933–1945;
– consolidation of power 1933–1934 and the police state, – culture in the Third Reich, eg the use of the arts and media as a means of control, – the economy during the Third Reich,
– the social impact of the Third Reich; women, youth, religion, and treatment of minorities.

The key focus of this option is on the sources, it is a skills paper and as such you must ensure that you can answer the source questions accurately

Q1 – 12 mark question, spend no more than 15 mins
Q2 a- 13 marks source question, spend approximately 15 mins, complete usefulness using DAMMIT and then bring in limitations using PIDGE Q2b – 25 marks – spend approx 25 mins, use DAMMIT to address how and then a separate paragraph for WHY in which you investigate the historical context, the motivation and perspective of the authors as well as the material and their intended audience Q2c – 30 marks – spend approximately 30 mins, treat this as a 12 mark question in which you have to integrate the sources, you MUST INCLUDE ANALYSIS OF ALL THREE SOURCES AND MAKE CLEAR WHAT SOURCE YOU ARE QUOTING FROM


Below are samples of 12 mark questions and the key points taken from the mark schemes, these are only a guideline to what must go into questions, you must be able to expand on all these key points

To what extent was the rise of the Nazis to power due to the impact of the economic crisis? (Jun 02)

- it brought instability to the Weimar republic
- led to the decline of parliamentary govt
- and was one of the main reasons the nazi’s grew to be the largest political party - the effects of the slump were widespread- 50,000 businesses went bankrupt between 1930-2 and 5 major banks closed down. By 1932 6 million people were unemployed. American loans and investment were withdrawn and there was a general downturn in world trade - in March 1930 the SPD led coalition collapsed under Muller when it failed to agree on what cuts in unemployment relief to make. The govt believed that spending its way out of the crisis by increasing expenditure on public works without raising taxes could provoke another inflationary crisis. - Bruning deliberately allowed the economic crisis to continue as part of his campaign to end reparations under von Papen the govt attempted to intervene but it was too late. mass unemployment had a great impact on how Germans voted. - 1930-2 there were 5 major national elections

- This led to an increase in the number of anti democratic deputies in the Reichstag, especially for the Nazis who became the largest party by July 1932. parliamentary govt declined. - The economic effects of the slump reduced the chances of Weimar democracy surviving even if it was not certain that a Nazi government would take power. - OTHER FACTORS

- In august 1932 Hitler had failed to be made chancellor despite having 37% of the vote, in Nov the nazi share dropped to 33%. Hitler did not have a majority in the Reichstag and had to persuade Hindenburg to appoint him. - Hindenburg had been using article 48 since 1930 to sustain governments unable to get their legislation through but before 1933 he was not willing to appoint Hitler - By 1932 the worst of the economic crisis was over...
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