The Nature and Scope of Strategic Management

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Nature of Strategic Management 
The strategic-management process does not end when the firm decides what strategy or strategies to pursue.  There must be a translation of strategic thought into strategic action. This translation is much easier if  managers and employees of the firm understand the business, feel a part of the company, and through  involvement in strategy-formulation activities have become committed to helping the organization succeed.  Without understanding and commitment, strategy-implementation efforts face major problems.  Implementing strategy affects an organization from top to bottom; it impacts all the functional and  divisional areas of a business. It is beyond the purpose and scope of this text to examine all the business  administration concepts and tools important in strategy implementation.  Even the most technically perfect strategic plan will serve little purpose if it is not implemented. Many  organizations tend to spend an inordinate amount of time, money, and effort on developing the strategic  plan, treating the means and circumstances under which it will be implemented as afterthoughts! Change  comes through implementation and evaluation, not through the plan. A technically imperfect plan that is  implemented well will achieve more than the perfect plan that never gets off the paper on which it is typed. 

The strategic management process means defining the organization’s strategy. It is also defined as the process by which managers make a choice of a set of strategies for the organization that will enable it to achieve better performance. Strategic management is a continuous process that appraises the business and industries in which the organization is involved; appraises its competitors; and fixes goals to meet all the present and future competitor’s and then reassesses each strategy. Strategic management process has following four steps:

1.| Environmental Scanning- Environmental scanning refers to a process of collecting, scrutinizing and providing information for strategic purposes. It helps in analyzing the internal and external factors influencing an organization. After executing the environmental analysis process, management should evaluate it on a continuous basis and strive to improve it.| | 2.| Strategy Formulation- Strategy formulation is the process of deciding best course of action for accomplishing organizational objectives and hence achieving organizational purpose. After conducting environment scanning, managers formulate corporate, business and functional strategies.| | 3.| Strategy Implementation- Strategy implementation implies making the strategy work as intended or putting the organization’s chosen strategy into action. Strategy implementation includes designing the organization’s structure, distributing resources, developing decision making process, and managing human resources.| | 4.| Strategy Evaluation- Strategy evaluation is the final step of strategy management process. The key strategy evaluation activities are: appraising internal and external factors that are the root of present strategies, measuring performance, and taking remedial / corrective actions. Evaluation makes sure that the organizational strategy as well as it’s implementation meets the organizational objectives.| These components are steps that are carried, in chronological order, when creating a new strategic management plan. Present businesses that have already created a strategic management plan will revert to these steps as per the situation’s requirement, so as to make essential changes.  

Components of Strategic Management Process
Strategic management is an ongoing process. Therefore, it must be realized that each component interacts with the other components and that this interaction often happens in chorus.

Strategy Formulation
You Cannot Outsource Strategic Thinking. The Right Process with the Right People Around the Table Will Ensure Your Strategy is Objectively...
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