The Napolionic Era

Topics: 1971, 1966, 1969 Pages: 5 (938 words) Published: February 21, 2013
The French Revolution

1769:Aug 15:Napoleon born

1785:Napoleon becomes Second Lieutenant

1789:May 5:The French Estates-General meets at Versailles Jun 17:The Third Estate meets separately and declares itself National Assembly Jul 14:Storming of Bastille
Aug 14:Nobles and clergy in the National Assembly renounce their privileges thus ending feudalism Aug 26:Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizen

Franco-British relationship (1789-1815)
- Initially Britain admired France -> Louis executed – Britain looses admiration - 1793: France declares war on Britain
- Napoleon wants to control English channel
- France looses at Battle of Trafalgar
- Napoleon now wants Continental System (blockade)

1791:Sep 3:Constitution passed

1792:Apr 20:France declares war on Austria
Aug 10:Robespierre elected as Commune of Paris
Sep 21:National Convention meets for the first time (abolishes monarchy, establishes republic, Louis XVI for treason)

1793:Jan 21:Louis XVI guillotined
Aug 4: Jacobin Constitution announced (never enforced)
Sep 17:Reign of Terror starts with Law of Suspects

1794:Jun 26:French victory over Austria at Fleurus
Jul 27:Robespierre arrested/ guillotined -> End of Reign of Terror
Why did it end?
- Because of those who wanted more power for the Committee of Public Safety, and a more radical policy than he was willing to allow, and the moderates who opposed Revolutionary Government a - Advocating Terror would mean adopting the policy of a convicted enemy of the Republic, endangering the advocate's own head

1795:Sep 23:5 men of Directorate is appointed to run country -> Constitution of Directors Oct 3:Directorate stormed -> Napoleon Bonaparte becomes commander of the home army

1797:Oct 17:Peace between France and Austria

1799:Dec 15:Consular constitution (Napoleon is First Consul) -> End of Revolution

Outcome of Revolution:Pros
-State belongs to people -> beginning of constitutionalism -Equality -> privileges based on birth replaced by wealth and education -Freedom of speech and religion -> development of public discussion (political parties) -Free press

Cons
-Even though people wanted change Napoleon crowns himself -> old system -Hard to change position in society -Estates still exist in society -privileges based on property -> richer people have advantage

1801:Treaty of Lunéville: French territories from left side of Rhine now officially part of France, right side of Rhine under French control

1802:Napoleon appointed Consul for Life

1803: Napoleon reorganizes Germany:
- Reichsdeputationshauptschluss (Secularization (Ecclesiastical property is given to secular states of ecclesiastical lands), Mediatisation (Process of annexing the land of one sovereign monarchy to another) of smaller – 350 states become 40) - Pros: larger political, clerical unities – national consciousness develops – some gain more land - Cons: loss of money – church looses power – school, nursing, care of poor become state affair

1804:Dec 2:Napoleon crowns himself ‘Emperor of the French’
Justification:- End oppression
- Dismantle old European regimes
- Provide liberty, equality and prosperity
- Protect France
- Secure military supremacy
- Export gains of Revolution
Code Napoleon/Civile passed: laws about rights and duties, religion (any religion allowed), marriage, divorce, inheritance, property, education (state schools for boys, stress on military values, science,...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Napoleonic Era Essay
  • Essay about Baroque Era
  • Progressive Era Essay
  • French Revolution and Napoleonic Era Worksheet Essay
  • Essay on The Baroque Era
  • The Contemporary Era Essay
  • The Romantic Era Essay
  • Progressive Era Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free