The Mystery of england’s foreign policy during the reign of elizabeth i
CHILDHOOD AND ADULTHOOD
Elizabeth Tudor was born on September 7, 1533 at Greenwich Palace, near London, she was named after her both grandmothers, Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard. She was the second daughter of King Henry VIII, after the Catherine of Aragon‟s daughter, and his second wife, Anne Boleyn; to whom historical marriage is well known to the readers of history, an event which was taken as a pretext, so that Henry VIII; king of England, would, and could defy the papacy and the Holy Roman Emperor; Charles V, to marry Anne, spurred on by love and the need for a legitimate male heir, that Catherine of Aragon couldn‟t afford to the English throne, a fact that the papacy in Italy didn‟t accept for political reasons that reigned the foreign policies of the superpowers of the time, a fact that made Elizabeth's birth one of the most exciting political events in 16th century European history. “At birth, Elizabeth was the heiress presumptive to the throne of England. Her older half-sister, Mary, had lost her position as a legitimate heir when Henry annulled his marriage to Mary's mother, Catherine of Aragon, in order to marry Anne and sire a male heir to ensure the Tudor succession. Elizabeth was baptised on 10 September; Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, the Marquess of Exeter, the Duchess of Norfolk and the Dowager Marchioness of Dorset stood as her four godparents.”1 Henry VIII was willing to hope for a son to join his healthy daughter; Mary, the royal couple was confident that the child would be a male heir to the English throne, desperately wanted; a document had already been prepared announcing the arrival of the new prince, but unfortunately to the royal couple, it was a female child, a second daughter with a second wife, though the king was disappointed; but, though “Anne Boleyn was already pregnant when the king married her.”2 , a fact that made the child curst, and illegitimate in the eyes of the Catholics, but Anne could convince him for an other, at least one and unique opportunity to afford him a male heir to the throne; an act in which she succeeded to gain more time and influence, but a promise she couldn‟t keep along, by fulfilling it, Immediately after Elizabeth's birth, the king wrote to his 17 years old daughter, Princess Mary, demanded her to relinquish her title as Princess of Wales and acknowledges both the annulment of his marriage to her mother, Katharine of Aragon, and the validity of his new marriage with Anne Boleyn. Mary refused; she already blamed Anne Boleyn (and, by extension, Elizabeth) for the sad alteration of her own fortunes. In December, she was moved into her infant half-sister's household. When told to pay her respects to the baby Princess, she replied that she knew of no Princess of England but herself, and burst into tears. Anne Boleyn troubled the political affairs, mainly the foreign policy that led to the break down of the religious and by the way the diplomatic relations with Italy; that stood as the
Kenneth O. Morgan, ‘the Oxford Illustrated History of Britain’, Oxford New York, Oxford University Press. 1989. P .251. 1
The Mystery of england’s foreign policy during the reign of elizabeth i mother church of Catholicism, a fact led to an internationally public view of hatefulness, and malicious reaction from the believers of the ancient faith, the break down was fully, and in all
scales influencing, altering the external vision of England that became now intensely hostile and aversive, that is why the public opinion in England was against the marriage of Henry to Anne Boleyn, and by extension to their believed curst daughter, she was badly seen regarding the events she brought to the English society represented by the religious, governmental new process and vision towards some important and basic notions, and the importance of their...
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