The Mongol Army

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 207
  • Published : October 14, 2005
Open Document
Text Preview
The Mongols had large armies, certainly; but it is their character rather than their size which is crucial "His army is as numerous as ants and locusts. His warriors are as brave as lions."-Anonymous Historians used to opine that the Mongol's success was a result of their overwhelmingly large armies. They proved to be superior to all their enemies, across the globe, having rarely lost a dramatic battle. Quality, not quantity, was the key to the incredible unbroken chain of Mongolian military successes. In the following essay, I will discuss the aspects of the Mongolian army's character and assess the reasons for its success. Chain of command. While the final word came from the supreme Khan, and everyone was obliged to obey, Chingiz Khan introduced a system of leadership assignment that left room for initiative. Like all great leaders, knowing to delegate tasks is vital to a successful command. This way, each Mongol warrior was simply incomparably superior to their enemies. Thus, leaders at every level could always be entrusted with a high degree of independence in the decisions and in the execution of the different war tactics.

After the death of Chingis Khan in 1227, none of his successors inherited his military genius. For this reason, although his sons and grandsons held the nominal command, the real power rested with the generals he picked when he was still alive. The Great Mongolian campaign in Russia and Europe, was lead by one of Chingiz's gratest generals, Subedei. Under the teachings of Chingiz, he was known for his mastery of every aspect of warfare, such as intelligence, psychological warfare, military tactics, strategy and logistics The organization of the army was based on the decimal system. The largest unit was the tjumen, which was made up of 10,000 troops. A large army used to consist of three tjumens, one consisting of troops who were to perform close combat, the two others were meant to encircle the opponent from both sides. Each...
tracking img