A child and young people’s development is holistic with each area being interconnected. Remembering to look at the whole picture not only what they can see in front of them. You have to take into consideration their; * Physical development (both fine and gross motor skills) * Intellectual development
* Language development and overall communication skills
* Social development (interaction with others)
* Emotional development (behaviour).
Development from birth to three years of age
* Cries to communicate their needs to others. Stops crying to listen to others * Responds to smiles and positively to others e.g. family members and friendly. * Considers others in relation to their own satisfying needs for foods, drink, warmth, sleep, comfort and reassurance. * Begins to see them as self separate from others.
* Communicates by making noises and two syllable words and finally talking. * Begins to make friends
* Sleeps most of time and grow quiet fast
* Able to support and lift head and able to make arm and leg movements at three months. * Begins to hold on to things, looking for support especially when learning to walk for balance. * More alert when awake
* Enjoys finger rhymes
* Hand eye co-ordination develops
* Needs opportunities for play and exercise including soft toys, board books, bricks and Intellectual
* Recognises parents and familiar voices.
* Aware of different smells
* Explores by putting things in mouth
* Shows interest in everything especially toys and books. * Observes what happens at home and out and about
Communication and Language
* Recognises familiar voice and stops crying when hearing them as feel comfort. * Awareness of other sounds develops month by month
* Recognises their own name and family names
* Enjoys looking at photos and books
* Responsive to music and well as voices
* Shouts to attract attention
* Becomes very attached to those closest to them (parents/carer and family) * Experiences extreme emotions e.g. very scared, very happy or angry. Mood changes happen quiet quickly. * Requires the security and reassurance of familiar routines * Demonstrates strong emotions through body language, gestures and facial expression * Dislikes anger in others and becomes distressed by it.
* Has clear likes and dislikes. E.g. pushing away food, drinks and toys.
Three to Five years of age
* Shares toys with others
* Can follow a series of simple directions
* Shoes some understanding of right and wrong
* Develop friendships and interaction with other children Physical
* Runs around obstacles
* Able to balance on one foot
* Pushes and pulls toys
* Throw and catch a ball
* Can build a tower using toy blocks
* Manipulate clay
* Can dress and undress themselves
* Toilet trained
* Basic drawing
* Use safety scissors and cut on line continuously
* Able to count 20
* Understand order and rules
* Plays with words
* Learns by observing and listening
* Tell others their name and age
* Group and match objects
* Ask ‘why’ and how’ questions
Communication and language
* Talk about day to day activities at school, at home and with friends * Use sentences
* Understand simple questions.
* Tell stories that stick to a topic
* Starts to understand their own emotions and others around them * Still may not want to be separated from parents or carers * Instead of acting out with physical behaviour they communicate their frustration * Can start to share and take turns with others
Five to Seven years of age
* Home is still very important as it’s a foundation of that child becoming more independent. * Developing more social skills to gain more friends
* Starting to mimic people behaviour, both good and...