How unconceivable then, that in the beginning of the new millennium, 26.8% of workers in the U.S. workforce, earn poverty level wages, up from 23.7% just twenty years earlier! (EPI 2002). According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, just over one in four working Americans leads a life of poverty. Both the Federal and individual State Governments have created minimum wage requirements, dictating the minimum employers must pay workers for an hour of labor. Minimum wage applies to nearly all workers, with few exceptions.
The current minimum wage in Maryland is $6.15 per hour, which gives earners an annual income of less than $13,000 (MD Division of Labor and Industry 2004). The U.S. Poverty Line is an annual income of $17,690 to support a family of four, which averages an hourly wage of $8.20 (EPI 2003). Clearly, a family subsisting on minimum wage in the State of Maryland is unable to survive above the poverty line.
The costs of housing a family alone incorporate a myriad of expenses, far beyond that of basic shelter. Energy costs are at a record high in the State of Maryland, and not every home is equipped with electrical heating and cooling systems. Some homes have systems that use gas instead of electricity and therefore energy companies charge a ‘gas commodity’ fee on the monthly bill. Even water, a basic need, is not free. Clothes and food are a necessity; children must have school supplies; items for basic hygiene like soap and toilet paper all add to the monthly grocery bill. Covering these basic needs does not even allow finances for health insurance, and poverty level families cannot afford the high costs of basic healthcare without it. Take into account transportation to and from a job; whether public transportation is available; or if it is not, the cost of owning, registering, and insuring an automobile; and the family living on minimum wage cannot possibly survive without government assistance. In order to solve this urgent crisis, a three-part plan is necessary. To start, fostering an awareness and understanding of the ‘living wage’, an hourly rate adjusted to incorporate the needs of the impoverished family is imperative. Recognizing the need and instituting the living wage, as a means of reducing government dependency, is crucial to the state government. Secondly, in order to implement a living wage effectively, the government must take into account various other expenses such as health insurance costs and retirement benefits. Lastly, the living wage must provide more assistance than hindrance to the economy, supporting the wage, in order to prove successful.
Traditionally, the accepted definition of a living wage is a wage that will meet the basic needs of an employee that a minimum wage may fail to meet. This wage applies to an unskilled worker working 40 hours a week with no additional income. A living wage takes into account the needs of a citizen in the developed world, such as the cost of shelter, nourishment, utilities, basic health care, retirement...