The Life of John Maynard Keynes

Topics: World War II, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, United States Pages: 5 (708 words) Published: February 26, 2013
Who/Which John Maynard Keynes

What- A British economist

When- 20th Century

Where (city and/or state)- England

Significance- He is considered to be one of the founders of modern macroeconomics. His ideas were the basis for the school of thought known as Keynesian economics.

Who Bonus Army

What- an assemblage of about 43,000 marchers- 17,000 World War I veterans, their families, and affiliated groups

When- July 28, 1932

Where (city and state)- Washington, D.C.

Significance- They gathered in D.C to demand early cash-payment redemption of their service certificates because they were out of jobs from the Great Depression. Their demands were rejected.

Who Charles E. Coughlin

What- a controversial Roman Catholic priest

When- 1930s

Where (city and state)- Royal Oak, Michigan

Significance- He was one of the first political leaders to use radio to reach a mass audience. He started the National Union for Social Justice and wrote a platform calling for monetary reforms, the nationalization of major industries and railroads, and protection of the rights of labor.

Who Huey Long “Share our Wealth”

What- a program designed to provide a decent standard of living to all Americans by spreading the nation’s wealth among the people

When- February 23, 1934

Where (city and state)- Louisiana

Significance- It was proposed in order to help the American economy during the Great Depression. All races were included, especially blacks because they were the poorest.

Who Potsdam Declaration

What- a statement that called for the Surrender of the Empire of Japan during World War II

When- July 26, 1945

Where (city and state)- US

Significance- It outlined the terms of surrender for the Empire of Japan. It stated that, if Japan did not surrender, it would face "prompt and utter destruction,” although the document did not make any mention of atomic weapons. But, in August of that same year Hiroshima and Nagasaki were hit with atomic bombs.

Who Dixiecrat

What- segregationist political party

When- 1948

Where (city and state)- United States

Significance- They opposed racial integration and wanted to retain Jim Crow laws and white supremacy in the face of possible federal intervention.

Who Wildcat Strike

What- strike action taken by workers without the authorization of their trade union officials

When- May 1968

Where (city and state)- France

Significance- They were the major fighting strategy during the 1968 protests in France

Who Executive Order 8802

What- a document to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry

When- June 25, 1941

Where (city and state)- Washington, D.C.

Significance- It was the first federal action, though not a law, to promote equal opportunity and prohibit employment discrimination in the United States

Who Hollywood Ten

What- 10 members of the Hollywood film industry publicly denounced the tactics employed by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

When- October 1947

Where (city and state)- Hollywood, CA

Significance- They received jail sentences and were banned from working for the major Hollywood studios. Their defiant stands also placed them at center stage in a national debate over the controversial anti-communist crackdown that swept through the United States in the late 1940s and early 1950s

Who Julius & Ethel Rosenberg

What- A couple who was convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war and executed

When- June 19, 1953

Where (city and state)- New York City

Significance- Their charges were related to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This has been the only case in the history of the United States in which those accused of espionage were executed as a result.

Who Kerner Commission

What- The National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders

When- 1967

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